panegyric

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panegyric

a formal public commendation; eulogy

Panegyric

 

(encomium), a laudatory speech. The term originates from the title of one of Isocrates’ most famous speeches, the Panegyricus (380 B.C.).

The practice and theory of the panegyric were worked out intensively in ancient rhetoric. Different types of the genre included speeches praising kings, gods, cities, and animals, as well as speeches that were salutatory, congratulatory, and consolatory. The panegyric’s motifs became systematized: analyzed in turn were the eulogized person’s physical and spiritual qualities, his innate and acquired qualities, and his conduct in war and peace and in court and council. A contrasting literary genre, the denunciation or invective, had an analogous construction.

Paradoxical and parodic panegyrics were popular from early times. An example is Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, which in places becomes harshly satirical. In the Middle Ages panegyrical techniques were used in lives of the saints, and during the Renaissance in political journalism. In the age of classicism, the 17th and 18th centuries, the panegyric glorifying the enlightened monarch flourished: examples are found in the works of J. B. Bossuet and J. B. Massillon in France and of M. V. Lomonosov, F. Prokopovich, and G. Konisskii in Russia. The genre later degenerated rapidly and lost all social significance, surviving only in anniversary speeches. Employed in a broader sense, the term “panegyric” refers to any eulogy, irrespective of how it finds expression—as an ode, for example.

M. L. GASPAROV

In the East. In the literatures of the East the panegyric took form in remote antiquity as poeticized praise of the deity and the authorities. Examples are found in Sumerian literature of the third millennium B.C., in ancient Egyptian literature between the 21st and 18th centuries B.C., and in Hittite literature of the 18th century B.C.. Panegyric poetry attained its most classic form in Persian literature: the court qasida first perfected by Rudaki and later written by other poets, especially Anvari; the religiophilosophical qasida of Naser Khosrow; and the Sufi ghazal written as a eulogy to the deity. The evolution of the panegyric in Farsi poetry was repeated in all the Islamic literatures, among them Arabic, Turkish, and Urdu. Panegyric traits may also be found in literary genres of the Far East and of Southeast Asia; examples are the Burmese genres of the mawgun and the pyo.

I. S. BRAGINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, if the two more famous panegyrics manage occasionally to transcend Whig and Tory propaganda and should therefore carry the "primary political label" of Moderation, (53) A Hymn to Victory, as I have attempted to demonstrate, steps away from divisive party-politics even more clearly, not least in its attack on (High Tory) extremism.
Looking retroactively at the old English and Arabic poetry, one may be identified with the fact that a great deal of verse depended upon panegyric elements in order to adapt to the atmosphere of conflict prevailing at the time.
After overlong discussions of the panegyrics and mirrors of princes, the best part of the book begins midway, with discussions of political thinkers.
They are complemented by panegyrics on Old Testament notables and Christian martyrs, also homilies against pagans, Jews, and heretics, especially the one on God's Incomprehensible Nature.
La Fontaine was for Fumaroli one of the last holdovers from the Renaissance: along with the Corneille brothers and Gassendi's publisher, he belonged to a "youth academy" assembled by Fouquet, parallel to the official Academie Francaise founded by Richelieu and turned by Colbert into a tireless manufacturer of panegyrics to the king.
First, instead of proceeding, like others before him, from the vernacular evidence for the vocabulary of courtliness, he took medieval Latin (and to some extent classical Latin, too) as his starting point, focusing on a variety of sources (panegyrics, chronicles, didactic writing, and especially episcopal vitae).
In contrast, the "official" folklorist is praised for his panegyrics addressed to the political authorities, if not the main ruler.
In contrast, what Nigerian bookshops are replete with are sponsored panegyrics on arch-conspirators who shot their way to the highest offices in the land, or drove out their own superiors in palace coups.
The cover of the paperback edition displays fulsome panegyrics from the Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore Sun, The Boston Globe, The Washington Monthly, and The New York Review of Books.
This is a subtle piece that shows how the conventional forms of escape narratives and royal panegyrics are affected by the historical moment, suggesting the unique and unstable settlement Charles had achieved.
Historians have written monographs and biographies of the six men that "have come close to panegyrics. Schoolchildren are still taught that they were heroes." But, according to Scott, Howe, Stearns, Sanborn, Smith, Higginson, and Parker were "really contemptible men who hired an assassin, armed a murderer, supported secret crime in the name of compassion and dealt their country a terrible blow while claiming the motives of angels" (p.4).
Here a traditional 'Hymn' is followed by the political 'Song for the London Volunteers' and the more whimsical comedy of 'West End Fair'; short lyrics, panegyrics, epistles, eclogues, epitaphs, and inscriptions are all to be found in the volume.