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a formal public commendation; eulogy



(encomium), a laudatory speech. The term originates from the title of one of Isocrates’ most famous speeches, the Panegyricus (380 B.C.).

The practice and theory of the panegyric were worked out intensively in ancient rhetoric. Different types of the genre included speeches praising kings, gods, cities, and animals, as well as speeches that were salutatory, congratulatory, and consolatory. The panegyric’s motifs became systematized: analyzed in turn were the eulogized person’s physical and spiritual qualities, his innate and acquired qualities, and his conduct in war and peace and in court and council. A contrasting literary genre, the denunciation or invective, had an analogous construction.

Paradoxical and parodic panegyrics were popular from early times. An example is Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, which in places becomes harshly satirical. In the Middle Ages panegyrical techniques were used in lives of the saints, and during the Renaissance in political journalism. In the age of classicism, the 17th and 18th centuries, the panegyric glorifying the enlightened monarch flourished: examples are found in the works of J. B. Bossuet and J. B. Massillon in France and of M. V. Lomonosov, F. Prokopovich, and G. Konisskii in Russia. The genre later degenerated rapidly and lost all social significance, surviving only in anniversary speeches. Employed in a broader sense, the term “panegyric” refers to any eulogy, irrespective of how it finds expression—as an ode, for example.


In the East. In the literatures of the East the panegyric took form in remote antiquity as poeticized praise of the deity and the authorities. Examples are found in Sumerian literature of the third millennium B.C., in ancient Egyptian literature between the 21st and 18th centuries B.C., and in Hittite literature of the 18th century B.C.. Panegyric poetry attained its most classic form in Persian literature: the court qasida first perfected by Rudaki and later written by other poets, especially Anvari; the religiophilosophical qasida of Naser Khosrow; and the Sufi ghazal written as a eulogy to the deity. The evolution of the panegyric in Farsi poetry was repeated in all the Islamic literatures, among them Arabic, Turkish, and Urdu. Panegyric traits may also be found in literary genres of the Far East and of Southeast Asia; examples are the Burmese genres of the mawgun and the pyo.


References in periodicals archive ?
It displays austerity and realism without renouncing the pleasures of the rhyme and beside the humility and sobriety of the author of "The Coronet" and the panegyrist of Cromwell, one still finds the sensuality of a baroque Marvell.
But it is in the explication of the insidious manner in which Casanova was distorted and then forgotten by reviewers and panegyrists that this book shines.
In each of the final three plays, the servants create and enact dramatic fictions, but they are not, of course, panegyrists but tricksters intent on deceiving an unsophisticated audience.
Still in all, James's careful, well-documented study suggests the range of factors that panegyrists needed to take into account, and it makes clearer the challenges that militated against an author's success in the competitive quest for patronage.
One of the greatest classical Ottoman poets and one of the most famous satirists and panegyrists in Ottoman Turkish literature.
There is thus no need to argue with the panegyrists or the significance of this year's recovery in production.
Yet he handed over the government to Jan Kryzysztof Bielecki and his fellows from the Liberal-Democratic Congress, and these panegyrists of capitalism want to pass on the factories to their friends, if they can, and to get some money from foreign investors.
This thought is prompted by Pope John Paul II's latest encyclical, Centesimus Annus, an important document on the church's social policy that reveals, incidentally, that the Vatican has a more realistic concept of the world after the upheaval in Eastern Europe than the panegyrists of George Bush's "new world order.
Jacopo Antonio consciously supplied data to his humanist panegyrists so that they would depict him as a heroic general in warfare; indeed, the facts gleaned by King from archival documents show that he functioned capably as a provveditore with the armies that Venice hired.
He has since been hailed by his panegyrists as the man who fit France into the Western mold of consensus politics, proving that here, too, left and right could succeed each other in office.