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river, Pakistan: see SutlejSutlej
, longest of the five rivers of the Punjab, c.900 mi (1,450 km) long, rising in the Kailas Range, SW Tibet region of China, and flowing generally west, meandering through the Himalayas in India, then onto the Punjab plain where it receives the Beas River and forms part of
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Sanskrit, “five rivers”), the lower course of the Sutlej River in Pakistan.

The Panjnad extends for 96 km, from the confluence of the Sutlej with the Chenab River to the confluence of the Sutlej with the Indus. The “five rivers” are the main rivers of the entire river system: the Sutlej and its tributaries the Beas and the Chenab and the Chenab’s tributaries the Jhelum and the Ravi. The water level of these rivers rises sharply during the monsoon season in July and August, so that the combined volume is no less than that of the Indus. The rivers are widely used for irrigation, and there is a dense network of irrigation canals. The Panjnad is navigable during flooding.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimates by Sukkur Barrage control room showed that floodwater, that was to reach from Sutlej River, would not be more than 60,000 cusecs to 70,000 cusecs when they enter Indus at Chachran Sharif after crossing Panjnad Barrage.
'The flood relay would further pass on from Islam Head-works and culminate into Chenab River on August 28 at Panjnad,' he added.
According to Mukhtar, the flood relay would pass Sulemanki Headworks on August 23, Islam Headworks on August 25 and would fall into River Chenab on August 28 after passing through Panjnad River.
The headwork located near Panjnad also serves as a vital tourism destination as the Head Panjnad is a junction of fiver rivers in Punjab and the place is famous for its tomb of Bibi Jawindi (Uch Sharif).
Barrages: Jinnah: Inflows 71600 cusecs and Outflows 67600 cusecs, Chashma: Inflows 69200 cusecs and Outflows 61000 cusecs, Taunsa: Inflows 58700 cusecs and Outflows 50700 cusecs, Panjnad:Inflows 2000 cusecs and Outflows Nil cusecs Guddu: Inflows 39800 cusecs and Outflows 33300 cusecs, Sukkur: Inflows 29200 cusecs and Outflows 6000, Kotri: Inflows 3700 cusecs and Outflows Nil.
The NAB head also gave orders to examine the complaints against Iftikhar Gillani of Uch Sharif and Secretary Railways for selling the railways property from Panjnad to Ahmedpur East costing to billion rupees.
Similarly, an amount of Rs.110 million has been allocated for Trimu Barrage and Panjnad Headworks besides the project of brick lining of 400 km long canals and rajbahs is being completed at a cost of Rs.2400 million.
Lower Punjab, downstream (d/s) of Rasul, Qadirabad, Balloki, Sulaimanki, barrages (RQBS) called Tributary Zone can be supplied water both from JC and Indus through Chashma Jehlum (Cand Taunsa Panjnad (TLink canals.
BAHAWALPUR -- On the directions of the district management Bahawalpur, relief and medical camps have been established on Sutlej river bank in different areas including Saifan, Ahmedpur Sharqia, Khairpur Tamewali, Head Panjnad and others.
In the first incident, two teenage girls were feared drowned in the Chenab at Head Panjnad, some 90km from here.
The amount of floodwater at Panjnad ranges between 15 to 20 million cusec annually.