Pannonia


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Pannonia

(pănō`nēə), ancient Roman province, central Europe, southwest of the Danube, including parts of modern Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. Its natives, the warlike Pannonians, were Illyrians. Their final subjugation by Rome took place in A.D. 9. Pannonia was divided c.A.D. 103 into the provinces of Upper Pannonia and Lower Pannonia. Important centers were Carnuntum (near Hainburg, Austria), Vindobona (ViennaVienna
, Ger. Wien, city and province (1991 pop. 1,539,848), 160 sq mi (414 sq km), capital and largest city of Austria and administrative seat of Lower Austria, NE Austria, on the Danube River.
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), Aquincum (BudapestBudapest
, city (1990 pop. 2,016,100), capital of Hungary, N central Hungary, on both banks of the Danube. The largest city of Hungary and its industrial, cultural, and transportation center, Budapest has varied manufactures, notably textiles, instruments, and electronics.
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), and SirmiumSirmium
, ancient city of Pannonia. The site is near modern Sremska Mitrovica, NW Serbia. Sirmium was unimportant until occupied late in the 1st cent. B.C. by the Romans in the conquest of Pannonia. It was prominent later, especially in the 3d and 4th cent. A.D.
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. Pannonia was abandoned by the Romans after 395.

Pannonia

 

a Roman province formed in A.D. 8 after the division of the Roman province of Illyricum into Upper II-lyricum, or Dalmatia, and Lower Illyricum, or Pannonia. Pan-nonia occupied the western part of modern Hungary, the northern part of modern Yugoslavia, and the eastern part of modern Austria. It derived its name from the Pannonians, a group of Illyrian tribes.

Pannonia became highly romanized during its 400 years of Roman rule. Its economy was agricultural, since the local population, which was increased by an influx of barbarians, was primarily rural. Continual wars in the second to fifth centuries with border tribes, including the Quadi, Marcomanni, Sarma-tians, Goths, and Huns, led to the fall of Roman rule in Pannonia in the early fifth century.

REFERENCES

Kolosovskaia, Iu. K. Pannoniia v I-III vekakh. Moscow, 1973.
Alföldi, A. Der Untergang der Römerherrschaft in Pannonien, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Leipzig, 1924–26.

Pannonia

a region of the ancient world south and west of the Danube: made a Roman province in 6 ad
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 4th century AD when the Roman legions withdrew from Pannonia, the Romans abandoned it.
Tacitus's initial description of the outbreak in Pannonia,
Companies Mentioned in this Report: Allianz Hungaria Biztosito Zrt, Generali-Providencia Biztosito Zrt, Magyar Posta Eletbiztosito Zrt, Groupama Garancia Biztosito Zrt, Aegon Magyarorszag altalanos Biztosito Zrt, Uniqa Biztosito Zrt, Union Vienna Insurance Group Biztosito Zrt, K&H Biztosito Zrt, MetLife Biztosito Zrt, CIG Pannonia Eletbiztosito Nyrt
According to Ammianus, he was motivated in part by a desire to match the successes of his counterpart Gratian, the Western Roman Emperor, who had recently defeated the Alemanni, a Germanic tribe in Western Europe who had invaded Pannonia in central Europe.
Furthermore, equally important are the routes from central Europe, the Pannonia and Baltic regions, and eastern Europe toward the Mediterranean area (figure 2).
The populations belonged to the Pannonia lineage, based on the sequences of 16SrRNA, cytb and ctr of mtDNA.
Thus, Bulgaria and Serbia are referred to as Moesia (Inferior and Superior, respectively), Hungary is Pannonia, Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia are Dacia, the European part of Turkey is Romania, but they knew that, even if the old names were still in use, the people living there were no longer Moesians, Pannonians or Huns, Dacians or Romans, but rather Bulgarians and Serbs (Slavs), Hungarians, Romanians, Turks and Hellenes, etc.
For instance, the Roman Denari was the world's reserve currency two thousand years ago but cheap finance enabled the Roman Imperators to fiscally devastate colonies in Hispania, Pannonia, Noricum, Gaul, Narbonne, Lusitania, Judea, Asia Minor (Anatolia), Illyria, Dacia, Helvetica and even Britannia.
This ruse buys her time: Leucadius has to go from Pannonia to Bithynia and back.
Against two most mighty and fierce tirants, Amurathes and Mahumetes, through the Lords might, he defended all Pannonia, and therefore was called the thunderbolt and terrour of the Turkes.
VISIT The history of Budapest began with Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement that became the Roman capital of Pannonia Inferior.