Panophthalmitis


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panophthalmitis

[pan‚äf‚thal′mīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of all the tissues of the eyeball.

Panophthalmitis

 

a purulent inflammation of all the tissues and membranes of the eye. The chief cause is an infected wound of the eyeball; occasionally its origin is an infection brought from another inflammatory focus. The most common causative agents are Pneumococci, Staphylococci, and Streptococci. Panophthalmitis is accompanied by sharp pains in the eye, general intoxication, chills, fever, and vomiting and may result in loss of the eye. It is treated with sulfanilamide preparations and antibiotics; in severe cases the affected eyeball is removed.

References in periodicals archive ?
of Cases % 1 Nebula 9 18 2 Macula 27 54 3 Leucoma 9 18 4 Perforation and Pseudo Cornea 1 2 5 Panophthalmitis 3 6 6 Anterior Staphyloma 1 2 Total 50 100
Chao et al., "Prevention of Evisceration or Enucleation in Endogenous Bacterial Panophthalmitis with No Light Perception and Scleral Abscess," PLoS ONE, vol.
Also the ophthalmitis or panophthalmitis indicated the predilection of Streptococcus spp.
Complications of the syndrome, apart from severe pain, include corneal ulceration, anterior uveitis, panophthalmitis and blindness.
In the occurrence of hairs migration towards the inner structures, sclera involvement, iris nodules, glaucoma, keratitis, uveitis, cataract, and panophthalmitis can be observed [5, 12, 13, 19, 32].
As far as the disintegrated tumor tissues can cause toxic uveitis and the tumor masses floating in vitreous body can simulate the feature of panophthalmitis. In line with disintegration of the tumor there can occur hemorrhage to ocular cavity, which can be partial, like hyphema or total haemophthalmia.
Mismanagement (including self-medication and consulting traditional healers) can result in corneal perforation, panophthalmitis and blindness.
Hypopyon can occur with such noninfectious problems as corneal ulcer, Behcet's disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, and lymphoma/leukemia; and with endophthalmitis or panophthalmitis due to bacterial or fungal infection.
Most fish do not show clinical signs of disease but some fish have exhibited signs of meningoencephalitis and panophthalmitis.
Complications include rapid, irreversible vision loss that can progress quickly to panophthalmitis, requiring surgical removal of the eye (1).
This maybe to an extent of the loss of the eye due to panophthalmitis; hence, any case of corneal ulcer should always be tested for patency of the lacrimal sac.
lateral convergent strabismus with exophthalmos and panophthalmitis and acquired conditions viz.