Panpsychism


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Panpsychism

 

an idealist concept of nature as universally animated. There are various historical forms of panpsychism. These range from the undifferentiated animism of primal religious beliefs and the hylozoism of ancient Greek natural philosophy to highly developed idealist doctrines on the soul and psychic reality as the genuine and sole essence of the world, including G. Leibniz’ concept of monads, the philosophical ideas of the 19th-century German psychophysicist G. T. Fechner, and the teachings of the 20th-century Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(7) Whatever his awareness may have been, Blake's later prophecies abandon his early pantheistic monism and bear much less similarity to Leibniz's version of panpsychism with its conception of matter as immanently energetic and infinitely divisible.
For love of matter: A contemporary panpsychism. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Through this sensibility, the materiality of bodies acquires meaning as an agentic force, much in the manner in which environmental philosopher Freya Mathews refers to matter when defining panpsychism as a metaphysic that reanimates matter by making it "actually [matter], morally and spiritually speaking" (29).
Science abounds with abiogenetic models; philosophers pitch in with hylozoism, panpsychism, holism, and various other enticing metaphysical theories.
He has been arguing since the 1970s that the first-person element of mind is irreducible and bound to be left out of any purely materialistic account, and even gives panpsychism its due in Mortal Questions.
Animacies provokes the subterranean topic of animism, which, I believe, haunts posthumanism and related fields such as animal studies, neovitalism, object-oriented ontology, speculative realism, panpsychism, and feminist new materialism.
92), since the ideas of ultimate reality underlying evolutionary naturalism and panpsychism are incompatible.
The "defense of human dignity" brings together such different philosophies as Vladimir Solov'ev's godmanhood, based on the idea of deification; Russian panpsychism, with its vision of the world as a hierarchical multiplicity of individual "psychic" substances whose dignity consists in self-determination; and the theories of Sergei Bulgakov and Pavel Florenskii, which in different ways assert the dignity of all the created world.
Expanding the umbrella of consciousness to include systems that don't have brains, a view echoing that espoused by some ancient religions and more modern versions of panpsychism, is an uncomfortable stretch for many researchers.
As the grip of reductive materialism weakens, the range of past and future metaphysical alternatives extends from a mute panpsychism to a robust theism (although process philosophers typically drop the supernatural, miracle-intruding aspects of traditional theism).
I don't know how many people have heard of, for example, panpsychism; but I am sure the number would be less than half as large if not for Koestler.