Pantelleria


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Pantelleria

(pän`tāl-lārē`ä), volcanic island, 32 sq mi (83 sq km), S Italy, in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and Tunisia. Sweet wine, capers, raisins, and dried figs are exported. A colony of the Phoenicians and then of the Carthaginians, it passed to the Romans in 217 B.C. The island was later taken by the Arabs (8th cent. A.D.) and by the Normans (12th cent.). Because of its strategic location, it was strongly fortified by Italy in the 20th cent. During World War II, Pantelleria was bombed into surrender by the Allies in 1943. On the island are extinct cones (the highest rising to 2,743 ft/836 m), numerous fumaroles, and hot mineral springs.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pantelleria

 

an island belonging to Italy and located in the Mediterranean Sea southwest of Sicily. Surface area, 83 sq km. Population, 8,800 (1969). The maximum elevation is 836 m. The island is formed from the above-water part of an extinct volcano. It consists of trachytes, comendites (pantellerites), and other volcanic rocks. Pantelleria has effervescent and thermal springs. There are frequent earthquakes. Viticulture and gardening are practiced on the island.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pantelleria

an Italian island in the Mediterranean, between Sicily and Tunisia: of volcanic origin; used by the Romans as a place of banishment. Pop.: 7316 (1991 est.). Area: 83 sq. km (32 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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The Central Saint Martins graduate, who launched her own line in 2008, said that she was going to Pantelleria, an island in the south of Italy for a family holiday.
The largest drug seizure during this period consisted of 40 MT of hashish in waters near Pantelleria Island.
Rock legend Marianne Lane (Academy Award[R] winner Tilda Swinton) is recuperating on the volcanic island of Pantelleria with her partner Paul (Matthias Schoenaerts) when iconoclast record producer and old flame Harry (Academy Award[R] nominee Ralph Fiennes) unexpectedly arrives with his daughter Penelope (Dakota Johnson) and interrupts their holiday, bringing with him an A-bomb blast of nostalgia from which there can be no rescue.
Marianne has retreated to a villa on Pantelleria with her boyfriend, documentary film-maker Paul De Smedt (Matthias Schoenaerts).
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Oscar-winning actress Tilda Swinton plays glam rock star Marianne Lane, who has retreated to a villa on Pantelleria with her boyfriend, documentary filmmaker Paul De Smedt (Matthias Schoenaerts), who has tamed her wild, drug-crazed excesses while shaking himself free of alcoholism.
Italian director Luca Guadagnino links up again with Tilda Swinton for this stylish and smouldering melodrama set against the backdrop of the Mediterranean island of Pantelleria. There are some moments of real charm - with Ralph Fiennes especially good as a coke-fuelled ageing record producer and Swinton striking as androgynous rocker Marianne Lane.
Earlier in 2011, Malta wrote a formal letter of complaint to Italy after the Italian government offered oil exploration licences around the islands of Pantelleria, Linosa and Lampedusa.
Barely sketched in the original, Swinton's character has since been upgraded to rock-star status: She's the one and only (and seemingly un-sunburnable) Marianne Lane, a gender-swapped David Bowie-like glam figure who's resting her vocal chords on the Sicilian island of Pantelleria after a recent throat operation.