Pantelleria

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Pantelleria

(pän`tāl-lārē`ä), volcanic island, 32 sq mi (83 sq km), S Italy, in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and Tunisia. Sweet wine, capers, raisins, and dried figs are exported. A colony of the Phoenicians and then of the Carthaginians, it passed to the Romans in 217 B.C. The island was later taken by the Arabs (8th cent. A.D.) and by the Normans (12th cent.). Because of its strategic location, it was strongly fortified by Italy in the 20th cent. During World War II, Pantelleria was bombed into surrender by the Allies in 1943. On the island are extinct cones (the highest rising to 2,743 ft/836 m), numerous fumaroles, and hot mineral springs.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pantelleria

 

an island belonging to Italy and located in the Mediterranean Sea southwest of Sicily. Surface area, 83 sq km. Population, 8,800 (1969). The maximum elevation is 836 m. The island is formed from the above-water part of an extinct volcano. It consists of trachytes, comendites (pantellerites), and other volcanic rocks. Pantelleria has effervescent and thermal springs. There are frequent earthquakes. Viticulture and gardening are practiced on the island.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pantelleria

an Italian island in the Mediterranean, between Sicily and Tunisia: of volcanic origin; used by the Romans as a place of banishment. Pop.: 7316 (1991 est.). Area: 83 sq. km (32 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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According to Reuters news agency, the Italian coast guards rescued, on Monday evening, eleven Tunisians clinging to the wreckage of a rubber boat off Pantelleria island, southern Sicily.
The missions were varied; some were to bomb gun positions on Pantelleria Island, others to serve as escorts for A-20s and B-25s." On June 9, pilots of the 99th had their first sighting of airborne German fighters, while escorting A-20 light bombers over Pantelleria.
May 18 In preparation for the upcoming invasion of Sicily, Allied planes step up heavy bombing of Pantelleria Island. May 26 German officials gather at a secret site near the Baltic Sea port of Peenemunde, Germany, for successful tests of the V-l flying bomb and the V-2 rocket, fantastic new weapons destined to terrify Londoners for the next two years.