Paolo Dal Pozzo Toscanelli


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Toscanelli, Paolo Dal Pozzo

 

Born 1397 in Florence; died there May 10, 1482. Italian humanist scholar, cosmographer, and astronomer.

The conservator of the library founded in Florence by the humanist Niccolò de’ Niccoli for the general use of the citizens, Toscanelli studied the works of ancient and medieval cosmographers. He supported the theory that the earth was round and advanced the idea that it was possible to reach India by a western route. In 1468, using a gnomon, he determined the times of the solstices. Toscanelli made critical corrections to the Alfonsine tables, a set of 13th-century astronomical tables, and removed the astrological elements contained therein.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Su alcune figure umanistiche della Institutio vitae" Paolo Viti, "Leonardo Bruni e la vita civile," Maria Teresa Ricci, "Vie solitaire et vie civile chez Poggio Bracciolini De avaritia, De vera nobilitate, Contra hypocritas" Laurent Gerbier, "La critique machiavelienne de l'otium," Stephane Toussaint, "Sul mito della mano in Bruno e Ficino," and Cesare Vasoli, "L'esempio della vita speculativa nelle Camaldulenses Disputationes di Cristoforo Landino: Paolo Dal Pozzo Toscanelli." (Craig Kallendorf, Texas A&M University)
HyBrazil continued to appear, as in Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli's 1457 chart, which was used by Christopher Columbus on his 1492 voyage.
For example, De Lollis printed a volume of materials edited by Gustavo Uzielli relating to the life and work of the famous Florentine Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli who, at the time, was thought to have corresponded directly with Columbus and to have provided him with a map demonstrating the navigability of the Atlantic which he then used to convince Ferdinand and Isabella to underwrite his "Enterprise of the Indies." Today, scholars have revised the nineteenth-century emphasis upon the influence of Toscanelli on Columbus and have devised other explanations of the genesis of Columbus' ideas, so it is not surprising that Toscanelli does not occupy pride of place in the Repertorium Columbianum.