Pap test

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Related to Pap test: HPV, Pap smear, Pelvic exam

Pap test,


Pap smear,


Papanicolaou test

(păp'ənē`kəlou), medical procedure used to detect cancer of the uterine cervix (see uterusuterus,
in most female mammals, hollow muscular organ in which the fetus develops and from which it is delivered at the end of pregnancy. The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in. (7.
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). A scraping, brushing, or smear, is taken from the surface of the vagina or cervix and is prepared on a slide and stained for microscopic examination and cytological analysis. The appearance of the cells determines whether they are normal, suspicious, or cancerous. Although the test is 80% to 95% reliable, results termed suspicious may indicate infection or some abnormal condition other than cancer. A DNA test for the human papillomovirushuman papillomavirus
(HPV), any of a family of more than 60 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar warts and genital warts, a sexually transmitted disease. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur.
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, which causes cervical cancer, may be used to supplement or replace the Pap test. The smear technique is also used to detect cancer of other tissues, e.g., in the bladder. The Pap test was developed by G. N. Papanicolaou and H. F. Traut in 1943.

Pap test

[′pap ‚test]

Pap test

, smear Med
a similar test for precancerous cells in other organs
References in periodicals archive ?
In the meantime, we recommended informing prenatal providers about the importance of screening all pregnant women for chlamydia and those at risk for gonorrhea, and that alternative specimen collection methods that do not require a pelvic examination that is done during a Pap test are available--and in fact are preferred," she said, noting that patientor provider-collected vaginal swabs are the preferred specimen, and that urine also can be used.
found that Pap test use among women aged 30 years and older who have had a hysterectomy decreased from 73.
Women between the ages of 21 and 29 should have a Pap test every 3 years.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that women 30 years or older be offered an HPV DNA test in addition to a Pap test.
Below is some information on what a Pap test is all about and why you should consider getting one.
Four in 10 women had a history of abnormal Pap test findings; in the past year, 18% had had an STD, and 7% had been pregnant.
The researchers used standard statistical methods to analyze differences between women who had a Pap test and those who did not.
It is much better to wait and do a woman's first Pap test three years after she became sexually active.
Although a Pap test may not be necessary, experts recommend that women have a yearly pelvic exam.
A Pap test is a quick simple test in which a number of cells are collected from the cervix and examined for changes.