Pap test

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Pap test,

 

Pap smear,

or

Papanicolaou test

(păp'ənē`kəlou), medical procedure used to detect cancer of the uterine cervix (see uterusuterus,
in most female mammals, hollow muscular organ in which the fetus develops and from which it is delivered at the end of pregnancy. The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in. (7.
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). A scraping, brushing, or smear, is taken from the surface of the vagina or cervix and is prepared on a slide and stained for microscopic examination and cytological analysis. The appearance of the cells determines whether they are normal, suspicious, or cancerous. Although the test is 80% to 95% reliable, results termed suspicious may indicate infection or some abnormal condition other than cancer. A DNA test for the human papillomovirushuman papillomavirus
(HPV), any of a family of more than 100 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar warts and genital warts, a sexually transmitted disease. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters.
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, which causes cervical cancer, may be used to supplement or replace the Pap test. The smear technique is also used to detect cancer of other tissues, e.g., in the bladder. The Pap test was developed by G. N. Papanicolaou and H. F. Traut in 1943.
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Pap test

[′pap ‚test]
(pathology)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Pap test

, smear Med
a similar test for precancerous cells in other organs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Another common scenario in which Pap tests are inappropriately applied is in the surveillance of endometrial cancer.
Women with HIV should begin getting the Pap test within 1 year of starting sex and no later than age 21.7 They should repeat the test every year.
A Pap test can help determine any kind of changes in the cells of the cervix.
Regarding your own situation, have a discussion with your doctor about having Pap tests. You didn't mention your age, but the risk of cervical cancer does not decrease as a result of being postmenopausal.
The main reason to get an anal Pap test is to determine if the human papillomavirus (HPV), a widespread sexually transmitted infection, has sparked anal cancer, pre-cancerous cell growth, or lesions on the tissue of the anus that make you more vulnerable to HIV and other STIs.
Mandating more generous insurance coverage for even inexpensive, routine services with already high utilization rates such as Pap tests can significantly further increase utilization.
During the Pap test screening, a physician removes cells and mucus from the cervix, and then sends them to be examined in the laboratory.
Encouraging routine pap tests, which are also free in public hospitals, is one of the two parts of a campaign by the Cyprus Association of Cancer Patients and Friends (PASYKAF) which has been ongoing from 2010 to combat the cancer.
Despite the Pap test's 60-year record as a safe and highly accurate screening tool for cervical cancer and precancerous abnormalities of the cervix, many women do not have regular Pap tests.
The promotoras also conduct follow up and tracking for those women who have questions after receiving results, or for those with an abnormal Pap test.