Pap test

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Pap test,

 

Pap smear,

or

Papanicolaou test

(păp'ənē`kəlou), medical procedure used to detect cancer of the uterine cervix (see uterusuterus,
in most female mammals, hollow muscular organ in which the fetus develops and from which it is delivered at the end of pregnancy. The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in. (7.
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). A scraping, brushing, or smear, is taken from the surface of the vagina or cervix and is prepared on a slide and stained for microscopic examination and cytological analysis. The appearance of the cells determines whether they are normal, suspicious, or cancerous. Although the test is 80% to 95% reliable, results termed suspicious may indicate infection or some abnormal condition other than cancer. A DNA test for the human papillomovirushuman papillomavirus
(HPV), any of a family of more than 60 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar warts and genital warts, a sexually transmitted disease. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur.
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, which causes cervical cancer, may be used to supplement or replace the Pap test. The smear technique is also used to detect cancer of other tissues, e.g., in the bladder. The Pap test was developed by G. N. Papanicolaou and H. F. Traut in 1943.

Pap test

[′pap ‚test]
(pathology)

Pap test

, smear Med
a similar test for precancerous cells in other organs
References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding your own situation, have a discussion with your doctor about having Pap tests.
A meta-analysis study indicates that HPV16/18 positivity varies a little (20%-25%) across NILM (negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy), ASC-US, and LSIL Pap tests in women with HR-HPV positivity.
The study also found that HIV-positive women follow guidelines on when to get Pap tests much less often than HIV-negative women.
That is why, in addition to the pap tests offered in public hospitals, the health ministry also announced in January that it will introduce free vaccines against cervical cancer from September 2016 to all 12 and 13-year-old girls in public and private schools.
The researchers analyzed Pap test status by age group, race/ethnicity, U.
5% in 2010, and the proportion reporting having had a Pap test in the past 12 months decreased from 65.
Between 60 and 80 percent of women diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer haven't had a Pap test in the past five years, according to the American Cancer Society.
For a number of years prior to 2006, an extended screening interval had been recommended [for women aged 30 years or older and a history of normal Pap test results], yet we still found annual testing.
Despite the Pap test's 60-year record as a safe and highly accurate screening tool for cervical cancer and precancerous abnormalities of the cervix, many women do not have regular Pap tests.
Perhaps the most important insights offered in the CDC's 2010 STD guidelines are the counseling messages for women who undergo cotesting with both the HPV and Pap tests.
Michelle Berlin, director of the Center for Women's Health at OHSU, is convinced that the recession has led to the decline in women getting Pap tests.
Why then, do fewer queer people have Pap tests than heterosexuals?