Papandreou, George

Papandreou, George

(pä'pəndrā`o͞o), 1888–1968, Greek political leader, father of Andreas PapandreouPapandreou, Andreas Georgiou
, 1919–96, Greek political leader, premier of Greece (1981–89, 1993–96), son of George Papandreou (1888–1968) and father of George Papandreou (1952–).
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 and grandfather of George PapandreouPapandreou, George
(Georgios Andreou Papandreou) , 1952–, Greek political leader, b. Minnesota. The son of Andreas Papandreou and grandson of George Papandreou (1888–1968), he spent much of his first three decades abroad while his father was in exile.
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 (b. 1952). As a young man he became involved in antiroyalist politics, serving as a member of parliament, interior minister (1923), and in several other government posts during the Republic of 1924–35. He was exiled in 1936 by the Greek dictator John MetaxasMetaxas, John
, 1871–1941, Greek general and statesman. A career soldier, he served in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 and in the Balkan Wars of 1912–13, in which he was assistant chief of staff.
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. Papandreou was active in the Greek resistance in World War II and headed (1944–45) the government-in-exile. A staunch anti-Communist, he served (1946–52) in a number of Social Democratic cabinets and formed (1961) the liberal Center Union party, which won the elections of Nov., 1963. Papandreou's progressive policies as premier aroused much opposition in conservative circles. In July, 1965, he was dismissed by King Constantine II following a dispute over control of the ministry of defense. After the military coup by George PapadopoulosPapadopoulos, George
(Georgios Papadopoulos) , 1919–99, Greek colonel and political leader. A career army officer, he was the strongman of the military junta that seized power in Greece in Apr., 1967.
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 in Apr., 1967, Papandreou was arrested and then placed sporadically under house detention until his death.

Papandreou, George

(Georgios Andreou Papandreou) (pä'pəndrā`o͞o), 1952–, Greek political leader, b. Minnesota. The son of Andreas PapandreouPapandreou, Andreas Georgiou
, 1919–96, Greek political leader, premier of Greece (1981–89, 1993–96), son of George Papandreou (1888–1968) and father of George Papandreou (1952–).
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 and grandson of George PapandreouPapandreou, George
, 1888–1968, Greek political leader, father of Andreas Papandreou and grandfather of George Papandreou (b. 1952). As a young man he became involved in antiroyalist politics, serving as a member of parliament, interior minister (1923), and in several
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 (1888–1968), he spent much of his first three decades abroad while his father was in exile. As a member of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Pasok), he was elected to the Greek parliament in 1981 and subsequently served as a deputy culture minister (1985–87) in his father's cabinet. In the 1990s he held a number of ministerial posts, becoming foreign minister (1999–2004) at the end of the decade. Papandreou succeeded Costas SimitisSimitis, Costas
(Konstantinos Georgiou Simitis) , 1936–, Greek politician and premier (1996–2004), b. Athens. Simitis studied law in Germany (J.D., Marburg, 1959) and economics in Great Britain.
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 as Pasok's party leader in 2004, but Pasok lost two subsequent parliamentary elections, forcing Papandreou to fend off a party leadership challenge in 2007. In 2009 he led Pasok to victory in a snap election and became premier. His government was subsequently forced to adopt a series of austerity measures and seek international guarantees of aid to deal with burgeoning budget deficits and debt and the threat of default. His move (Oct., 2011) to call a referendum on a European Union rescue plan undermined his government, and led to his resignation and formation of a government of national unity; he stepped down as party leader in Mar., 2012. In 2015 he broke with Pasok and formed the Movement of Democratic Socialists, which failed to win any seats in the election that year.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Papandreou, George

 

Born Feb. 13, 1888, in Patrai (Pa-tras); died Nov. 1, 1968, in Athens. Greek state and political figure.

A lawyer by training, Papandreou served as nomarch of Lesbos in 1915. From 1917 to 1920 he was governor-general of Chios. In the same period he became a prominent member of the Liberal Party, founded in 1910. Papandreou was repeatedly a member of the government between 1923 and 1933. He was arrested after the establishment of J. Metaxas’ fascist dictatorship on Aug. 4, 1936. In April 1944, Papandreou became prime minister of the Greek government-in-exile in Cairo.

After the conclusion of the Lebanon Agreement of 1944, Papandreou became the head of the so-called government of national unity, which in 1945 disarmed and disbanded the Greek National Popular Liberation Army. Between 1946 and 1951 he held several ministerial posts, and from 1954 to 1957 he was chairman of the Liberal Party. In 1961 he united a bloc of bourgeois parties into the Center Union Party and became its leader. After the Center Union won the parliamentary elections of 1963 and 1964, he was prime minister, serving in that capacity in November and December 1963 and from February to July 1965. On July 15, 1965, Papandreou resigned under pressure from the royal court. During the military coup d’etat of Apr. 21, 1967, he was arrested but was soon released.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Twenty years ago, Lyndon Johnson told the elder Papandreou, George, just what the limits of his Prime Ministership were: