Papaveraceae


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Related to Papaveraceae: Berberidaceae, Smilacaceae

Papaveraceae

[pə‚pav·ə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Papaverales, with regular flowers, numerous stamens, and a well-developed latex system.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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poppy

poppy

Poppies contain both morphine and codeine, which are pain-relieving drugs that are still used today. They come in all colors, with 4-6 petals. Many contain opiates, so they make you feel peaceful. Ancient doctors had their patients eat poppy seeds to relieve pain. The seeds contain the most medicinal properties. Poppy is used for pain, insomnia, nervousness, and chronic coughs. Don’t use if you’re being tested for drugs, as it can cause you to test positive.(This includes poppy seeds used in baked goods!)
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Papaveraceae

 

(poppy), a family of dicotyledonous plants, including mostly herbs and some shrubs and small trees. The flowers are regular, bisexual two- or, less frequently, three-parted, and usually large; they are solitary or sometimes in inflorescences. The gynoecium has two or more carpels, and the ovary is usually superior. The fruit is a capsule. Most Papaveraceae are characterized by segmented milk vessels containing a colored or, less frequently, colorless juice. There are approximately 25 genera, with 450 species, distributed primarily in the temperate and subtropical zones of the northern hemisphere. Six genera, with about 70 species, are found in the USSR. The most important genera are Papaver, Chelidonium, Meconopsis, and Eschscholzia (the last two are ornamentals). The family Fumariaceae is sometimes treated as a subfamily of Papaveraceae. The genus Hypecoum is sometimes classified as the special family Hypecoaceae.

REFERENCE

Popov, M. G. “Makovye—Papaveraceae B. Juss.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Determination of Alkaloids in the Selected Extracts of Papaveraceae and Berberidaceae Representatives.
Developing weeds plantations in density agricultural crops Asteraceae 952 Amaranthaceae 1086 Asphodelaceae 43 Boraginaceae 441 Brassicaceae 1296 Caryophylloideae 95 Chenopodiaceae 17 Convolvulaceae 54 Convolvulaceae 36 Cyperaceae 501 Fabaceae 119 Lamiaceae 17 Malvaceae 146 Papaveraceae 156 Poaceae 529 Resedaceae 27 Solanaceae 35 Zygophyllaceae 40 Table 1: List of weeds of developing agricultural crops filed at Al-Shafa area.
However, most of the MS/MS spectra shared common ions with those found in studies on plants containing alkaloids from Papaveraceae, Lauraceae, and Rutaceae [27, 30-35] being useful to define the chemical structure of the alkaloids.
Papaveraceae Herb 13 Argemone ochroleuca Papaveraceae Herb Sweet.
Batal, 3,960m 51654 PUN Speciosum (Decne.) Raven n = 18 (4x) Papaveraceae (27) Meconopsis aculeata Royle Gauri Kund, 3,930m 49361 PUN (Figure 3(c)) (Chharbongcha Chharmeri) n = 28 (4x) Podophyllaceae (28) Podophyllum hexandrum Royk Gulaba 3,400m 51708 PUN (Figure 3(d)) (Omo-Shey) n = 6 (2x) Ranunculaceae (29) Aconitum heterophyllum Manimahesh Lake, 51398 PUN Wall, ex Royle (Figure 3(e)) 4,300m (Boa) n = 8 (2x) (30) A.
Elaborate monosymmetric flowers have evolved several times, at least once in Papaveraceae (Murbeck, 1912; Liden, 1993; Damerval & Nadot, 2007) and at least once in Ranunculaceae (Mair, 1977; Jabbour et al., 2009a), both families in Ranuneulales, and also in Sabiaceae (Ronse De Craene & Wanntorp, 2008), and more or less elaborate in Proteaceae (Proteales; Douglas, 1997; Weston, 2007).
Asimismo se pueden distinguir parches de Calceolaria pinnata y Fumaria capreolata (Papaveraceae) alternadas con Philoglossa peruviana (Asteraceae).
(family Papaveraceae), or greater celandine, is an important plant in western phytotherapy and in traditional Chinese medicine.