Paphlagonia


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Paphlagonia

(păf'ləgō`nēə), ancient country of N Asia Minor, between Bithynia and Pontus on the Black Sea coast, in modern Turkey. A mountainous district with the Halys as its chief river, Paphlagonia had a string of Greek colonies (including Sinope) along its coast. It was not a political unit and was annexed and occupied by the kings of Bithynia and Pontus respectively. It was won (63 B.C.) by the Romans.

Paphlagonia

 

an ancient country in Asia Minor on the Black Sea, surrounded by Bithynia, Galatia, and Pontus. Cities, including Sinope, were founded by Greek colonists along the coast. A rural population of Syrian origin predominated in the interior. In the sixth century B.C., Paphlagonia was conquered by Lydia, and then by Persia. In the late fourth and early third centuries B.C., it was ruled by Alexander the Great and his successors. Beginning in 281 B.C., the country’s interior was governed by local dynasties.

In 107 B.C., Paphlagonia was inherited by Mithridates VI Eupator. After the Third Mithridatic War (74–64 B.C.), the coastal region was included by the Romans in the province of Bithynia; the interior was annexed to the Roman province of Galatia in the sixth or fifth century B.C. Paphlagonia became an independent province under Diocletian in the third century of the Common Era.

Paphlagonia

an ancient country and Roman province in N Asia Minor, on the Black Sea
References in periodicals archive ?
I liked the narrative form and there are frequent felicitous and memorable turns of phrase: Byzantine Paphlagonia is 'a rather remote backwater, a source of eunuchs and good bacon' (p.
He used to order the cities of Pontus and Paphlagonia to send him choirboys for a three-year period, to serve him by singing hymns to the god.
The conjunction of Glycon, Paphlagonia, and Apollo of Claros, whom Alexander assiduously cultivated, suggests that the man's alleged father was not a human one, but the snake-god of Abonuteichos' (Jones 1986, 143).
Pont and Paphlagonia were already Roman provinces on the eve of Actium, but the other kingdoms (including Egypt itself) were semi-independent states under the Protectorate, only later annexed by Augustus.
Fieldwork was conducted between 1997-2001 in Inner Paphlagonia (modern Cankiri province and parts of Karabuk province), combining extensive survey of the entire region (8,454 [km.
These research questions necessitated a thorough investigation of the geography, geology, and geomorphology of Inner Paphlagonia with special attention to available resources and communication routes, the results of which are presented in chapter two.
Extensive occupation of Inner Paphlagonia began in the Early Bronze Age; survey yielded very little evidence from the Paleolithic period (Lower and Middle Paleolithic), virtually no evidence of Neolithic occupation, and scant evidence from the Chalcolithic period.
demonstrate convincingly that Inner Paphlagonia constituted the northwestern arena of Hittite-Kaska interactions, where part of the textually attested Hittite-Kaska drama was played out.