Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) of the Parque Ecologico Joao Vasconcelos Sobrinho, Caruaru, Pernambuco, Brazil.
Especies de borboletas (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) da Colecao Entomologica Prof.
de la Sierra de Huautla, Morelos y Puebla, Mexico (Insecta: Lepidoptera).
belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionoidea
However, the reason why only a limited number of Papilionoidea
species have the ability to complete their immature development by using many different plants species as food sources remains unclear.
However, even though the richness of butterflies and moths in Mexico is evident, its total amount of Lepidoptera species is not well known except for the Papilionoidea
(Hernandez-Baz et al.
Seasonality and Phenology of the butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea
and Hesperioidea) of Mexico's Calak mul Region.
Lycaenidae is the second largest family of Papilionoidea
(true butterflies) with about 6000 species (about 40% of all known butterflies) occurring worldwide (Fiedler 1996; Venkatesha 2005; Robbins et al.
co-evolved with the dicotyledonous plants, about 110 million years ago (mya), during the Cretaceous (Miller & Miller 2001); however, the Nymphalidae evolved 70-65 mya (transition Cretaceous-Tertiary), so the distribution of these butterflies was still under the influence of the "Gondwana effect", because at that time the last connections of this ancient continent still remained (Ehrlich 1958; Grimaldi & Engel 2005).
The chapter is divided into several sections, each representing a separate superfamily, outlining the role of model organisms in these superfamilies (Bombycoidea, Hesperoidea + Papilionoidea
, Noctuoidea, Pyraloidea, and Tortricoidea).
Species richness of Papilionoidea
is very similar across the 3 areas (although Hesperiidae were not surveyed by Vargas-Fernandez et al.
The fauna of Papilionoidea
of this region has recently been studied (e.