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Related to Papio: Baboons
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of catarrhine monkeys of the family Cercopi-thecidae. The body length is 75–80 cm, and the tail length is 50–60 cm. The weight reaches 30 kg. The members of the genus have a long muzzle, protruding eyebrows, and long canine teeth. The broad nostrils are located at the end of the muzzle. The pelage is long and sometimes forms a mane; the coloration consists primarily of dark gray tones. The buttock pads are large and brightly colored. The front and hind limbs are almost equal in length; the hands and feet are short.

There are five species of Papio: the sacred baboon (P. hamadryas), the western baboon (P. papio), the yellow baboon (P. cynocephalus), the anubis baboon (P. anubis), and the chacma (P. ursinus). The first four species are distributed from Guinea-Bissau eastward to Ethiopia, and the chacma is encountered in southern Africa.

The baboons live in large troops on cliffs. They feed on plants, insects, and the eggs of birds. The gestation period is 170 days; the young are weaned at five to eight months of age. Sexual maturity is attained in three to five years. A closely related genus is Cynopithecus (crested macaque), which is found on Sulawesi.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reproductive disease of olive baboons (Papio anubis) of Gombe National Park: outbreak, time-course, and attempts to limit recurrence.
Eberle, "Neuropathogenesis of herpesvirus papio 2 in mice parallels infection with Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) in humans," Journal of General Virology, vol.
Witnessing reconciliation reduces arousal of bystanders in a baboon group (Papio hamadryas hamadryas).
Tambien se ha encontrado en primates de los generos lemur, Propithecus, Tarsius, Pithecia, Callithrix, Aotus, Saimiri, Cercopithecus, Colobus y Papio (DIOGO & WOOD, 2012).
The species that did occur, Papio hamadryas, is known to this day as the Sacred Baboon precisely because it was worshipped as the god Thoth (just as the Sacred Ibis).
As in African cercopithecines (Papio, Cercopi- thecus) (Detwiler et al., 2005), anthropogenic habitat fragmentation may increase the incidence of hybridization in howler monkeys, because the confinement of a few individuals in small fragments can reduce the chances of finding conspecific partners, which can lead to more frequent contact with groups of other species, and to interspecific crosses (Dias et al., 2013).
Female baboons (Papio hamadryas ssp.), 10-15 years old (roughly developmentally equivalent to 30 to 45 years of age in humans), were housed outdoors in social groups at the Southwest National Primate Research Center (SNPRC), Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
The effects of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and early lactation on haematology and plasma biochemistry in the baboon (Papio hamadryas).2000; Dec;29(6):415-20.
(1996) en babuinos de la sabana (Papio cynocephalus ursinus), al controlar estadisticamente los efectos del parentesco (las hembras estrechamente emparentadas suelen tener rangos similares en numerosas especies de cercopitecinos: Melnick & Pearl 1987) el efecto de la asimetria del rango desaparecio.
(2001) Same-different conceptualization by baboons (Papio papio).
Papio. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2012.