Pär Fabian Lagerkvist

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Lagerkvist, Pär Fabian

 

Born May 23, 1891, in Växjö. Swedish writer; member of the Swedish Academy (1940).

Lagerkvist graduated from the University of Uppsala in 1912. In his youth he participated in the socialist movement. In 1912 he published the collection of novellas People. Lagerkvist’s early poetry and prose works revealed his interest in formalistic innovations. The collection of novellas Iron and Men (1915) and such expressionistic poems as “Anguish” (1916) and “Chaos” (1919) caught the pessimism engendered by World War I (1914–18).

The play The Eternal Smile (1920) and such expressionistic dramas as The Last Man (1917) and The Invisible One (1923) are characterized by the representation of reality as absurd and chaotic and an interest in the problem of evil as an abstract metaphysical principle, an essential element in Lagerkvist’s work. The realistic principle intensified in the satirical collection Evil Tales (1924) and in the autobiographical work Guest of Reality (1925).

Lagerkvist’s books of the 1930’s enunciated the necessity to fight fascism, which he considered the extreme manifestation of eternal evil—for example, the allegorical novella The Hangman (1933), the collection of essays The Clenched Fist (1934), the collection of satirical short stories At That Time (1935), the play The Man Without a Soul (1936), the poetry collection The Song and the Battle (1940), and Lagerkvist’s masterpiece, The Dwarf (1944).

In his postwar books, Lagerkvist related the problem of evil to man’s complicated moral yearning—for example, the collected poems The Evening Land (1953) and the plays and philosophical novels and novellas on biblical subjects. Barabbas (1950), The Sibyl (1956), and The Death of Ahasuerus (1960). He received the Nobel Prize in 1951.

WORKS

Prosa, [vols.] 1–6. Stockholm, 1951–60.
Dramatik, [vols.] 1–3. Stockholm, 1956.
Dikter. Stockholm, 1965.
In Russian translation. [Novelly.] In Shvedskaia novella XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1964.
V miregost’: Povesti i rasskazy. Introduction by S. Belokrinitskaia. Moscow, 1972.

REFERENCES

Oberholzer, O. Pär Lagerkvist: Studien zu seiner Prosa und seinen Dramen. Heidelberg, 1958.
Henmark, K. Frä mlingen Lagerkvist. Stockholm, 1966.
Synpunkter på Pär Lagerkvist. Stockholm [1966].
Malmström, G. Menneskehjertets verden: Hovedmotiv i Pär Lagerkvists diktning. Oslo, 1970.
Scandinavica. New York-London, May 1971.

A. A. MATSEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The story of the man whose life was spared because of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, based on the novel by Nobel Prize winning Par Lagerkvist (2012)
Recordemos a Barrabas de Par Lagerkvist, al propio Ramirez con su obra Sara, y a Ben Hur, que aunque esta ultima no es propiamente un personaje biblico es tambien un ejemplo de recreacion inspirado en el viejo imperio romano y el cristianismo.
5 million people, Sweden has produced many internationally acclaimed authors, no fewer than eight of whom have won the Nobel Prize in Literature; Selma Lagerlof (1909), Verner von Heidenstam (1916), Erik Axel Karlfeldt (1931), Par Lagerkvist (1951), Nelly Sachs (1966; shared), Eyvind Johnson (1974; shared), Harry Martinson (1974; shared) and most recently, Tomas Transtromer (2011).
Albiach, Oyvind Berg, Roger Giroux, Par Lagerkvist, Tarjei Vesaas, and
The Swedish writer Par Lagerkvist (1891-1974), who received the Nobel prize for literature in 1951, once described himself as "a believer without belief, a religious atheist" (Warme, 1990).
Byatt, Par Lagerkvist, Proust, Hermann Broch, Zola, Rilke, Valery, Sarraute, Henry James, Mallarme, Le Clezio, Iris Murdoch, Ponge, Calvino, and Woolf--certain examples are inevitably given shorter shrift than others.
Generally absent from this list is Swedish Nobel laureate Par Lagerkvist.
Dwarf, The Novel by PAR LAGERKVIST, published in Swedish in 1944 as Dvargen.
1950, Bertrand Russell (Eng); 1951, Par Lagerkvist (Sw); 1952, Francois Mauriac (Fr); 1953, Sir Winston Churchill (Eng); 1954, Ernest Hemingway (U.
Dominado por el ambiente que priva en la ciudad con motivo de la Semana Santa, me adentro en la lectura de la novela que fuera determinante en la designacion del escritor sueco Par Lagerkvist como Premio Nobel de Literatura 1951.
As novelist Par Lagerkvist explores in his Pulitzer-prizewinning book, Barabbas (Vintage International), even if Barabbas didn't care about who died for him, others would, and that strange bargain would color the rest of his life.
A pesar de que no aparece en ella un cuento que yo habria incluido: "La eterna sonrisa", del olvidado Par Lagerkvist, el trabajo es magnifico.