The reference chemicals were: isopropanol (67-63-0); salicylic acid (69-72-7); lactic acid (50-21-5); glycerol (56-81-5); 4-methoxy-acetophenone (100-06-1) chlorobenzene (108-90-7); methyl salicylate (119-36-8); sulfanilamide (63-74-1); ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (97-90-5); phenyl benzoate (93-99-2); eugenol (97-53-0); 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (149-30-4); citral (5392-40-5); isoeugenol (97-54-1); methyldibromo glutaronitrile (35691-65-7); 4-methylaminophenol sulphate (55-55-0); para-phenylenediamine
(106-50-3); 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (97-00-7); 4-nitrobenzylbromide (100-11-8); oxazolone (15646-46-5); cinnamyl alcohol (104-54-1).
But, unknown to Chloe, her tattoo was done with black henna, which contains a substance called para-phenylenediamine
, typically found in hair dyes.
Doctors have warned that the majority of black henna tattoos are made using a substance called para-phenylenediamine
, which is found in hair dyes.
2 and 10 phr of an antioxidant, such as a substituted para-phenylenediamine
, and between 0.
Often inkings are not henna at all, but a dye called para-phenylenediamine
, which can cause blistering and burns.
Wendy Khan The mum-offour urged those travelling abroad to think twice before opting for the inkings which in many cases are not henna at all, but a substance called para-phenylenediamine
which can cause blistering, painful skin burns and may even lead to scarring.
2:10 pm: The African epidemic of para-phenylenediamine
sensitization and the "green wall"--Catherine Cartwright-Jones
Poisoning from henna dye and para-phenylenediamine
mixtures in children in Khartoum.
Topical pure henna is generally safe and well-tolerated in humans but oral and topical henna with additives like para-phenylenediamine
have many side effects some of them life threatening.
The British Skin Foundation claims the temporary tattoos can contain a dangerous substance called para-phenylenediamine
(PPD) which is found in some hair dyes and is illegal in the European Union.
(PPD) is a major ingredient of oxidisable permanent hair dyes.
From June 1, 2012, every shipment of Shampoo or Black Henna should be accompanied with evidence of conformity such as test reports issued by an independent accredited laboratory like Intertek confirming compliance to the below stated requirements: Para-phenylenediamine
(PPD) in henna (and hair dye products): maximum 6%; and 1,4 Dioxane: maximum 10ppm in shampoo," the department had stated.