Paradigmatic Relationship

Paradigmatic Relationship

 

an opposing relationship of several elements of language involving a choice of one of a number of mutually exclusive elements. The language units are thus joined in a speaker’s consciousness despite the impossibility of the units’ actually being joined in a speech event. The either-or function of a paradigmatic relationship is opposed to the both-and function of a syntagmatic relationship, in which elements of language coexist when they are realized in a speech event. Parádigmatic relationships are nonlinear and nonsimultaneous. A form’s syntagmatic characteristics are apparently dependent on its paradigmatic properties.

Paradigmatic relationships were first described by F. de Saussure, who termed them associative relationships, in opposition to syntagmatic relationships.

References in periodicals archive ?
Semantically (25a) is the basis of (25b), formally there is a paradigmatic relationship between an NP and a derived adjective expressed by a second order schema:
Thus we see that word formation may be based semantically on a systematic paradigmatic relationship with lexical phrases.
Thirdly, lexical creativity may be based on paradigmatic relationships between existing complex words instead of being a matter of concatenation of words and affixes.
In the above syntagm, for example, the word 'young' stands in a paradigmatic relationship with the words 'old', 'tall', etc.
Throughout Chaucerian Theatricality John Ganim's purpose is not so much to align his author with the creators of dramatic literature, as to divert emphasis away from the hackneyed but resilient concept of a paradigmatic relationship between The Canterbury Tales and works of drama, towards images of the poet as performance-artist and his poem as performance-artifact.
It would also reflect the common notion that must and may stand in a paradigmatic relationship.
solution to view them in a paradigmatic relationship of degrees of modality is intuitively more convincing.
The articulation of more types of paradigmatic relationships in thesauri and subject heading lists and the presence of alternative classification numbers in different contexts, or even disciplines, offer potential for the web and the hierarchy to work together.
Ferdinand de Saussure, the seminal semiotician, suggested that paradigmatic relationships belong to the relatively stable system of language.
A modern dictionary, therefore, will concern itself not only with meanings, but with syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships.
As noted earlier, paradigmatic relationships are those that are context-free, definitional, and true in all possible worlds.
First they are limited in what they can express insofar as they manage--and frequently they don't--to limit their hierarchy structures to paradigmatic relationships.