Paralinguistics


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Related to Paralinguistics: extralinguistic, nonlinguistic, paralinguistic cues

Paralinguistics

 

a branch of linguistics studying sound features that accompany speech but do not pertain to language. Paralinguistics studies, for example, loudness of speech, uncodified variations in intonation, the distribution of pauses, and sounds used to fill pauses, such as mmm … in Russian or “hmm …” in English.

The concept of paralinguistics was introduced in the late 1940’s by the American linguist A. Hill, but Soviet scholars had been investigating paralinguistic phenomena as early as the 1930’s (N. V. Iushmanov’s Extranormal Phonetics). In a broader interpretation, paralinguistics includes kinesics, the study of the facial expressions and gestures in relation to communication. Modern Soviet linguistics devotes a good deal of attention to paralinguistics partly because of the general theoretical interest in the structure and flow of communication. In addition, paralinguistics is studied for the practical reasons of determining how various speech techniques influence listeners and of identifying emotional states through speech.

REFERENCES

Nikolaeva, T. M., and Uspenskii, B. A. “Iazykoznanie i paralingvistika.” In the collection Lingvisticheskie issledovaniia po obshchei i slavianskoi tipologii. Moscow, 1966.
Kolshanskii, G. V. Paralingvistika. Moscow, 1974.

A. A. LEONT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
French metrical thinking still has to make up its mind about the relationship between the linguistic and the paralinguistic.
Some of these devices include special codes (archaic or poetic language), parallelisms (repetitions with systematic variations), special paralinguistics features, formulae, and appeals to tradition.
In "The Story of Clit" paralinguistics play a major role in both the narrative (primarily in support of characterization) and as a mechanism of feedback among the participants.
Transactions of the 1962 Indiana sity Conference on Paralinguistics and Kinesics (reprint; The Hague: Mouton, 1972), 275.
There are many types of nonverbal communication, including paralinguistics (e.
Six channels of nonverbal communication exist: 1) rhythm and use of time, 2) interpersonal distance (space) and touch, 3) gestures and posture, 4) facial expressions, 5) paralinguistics (how we sound in voice, tone, pitch) and 6) objectics (style of dress, odor, physical presence).
In other words, if we had understood Japanese paralinguistics, it is conceivable that the bomb might never have been dropped.
This paper emphasizes the exploration of potential paralinguistic mappings which exploit and extend the traditional vocabulary of typography.