Paramyxoviridae


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Paramyxoviridae

[‚par·ə‚mik·sə′vir·ə‚dī]
(virology)
A family of negative-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses characterized by an enveloped spherical virion containing a single-stranded, nonfragmented molecule of RNA, contains the genera Paramyxovirus (sendai, mumps), Morbillivirus (measles), and Pneumovirus (respiratory syncytial virus).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reassessing conflicting evolutionary histories of the Paramyxoviridae and the origins of respiroviruses with Bayesian multigene phylogenies.
The results of this study showed that HPVI-1 does not use the JNK pathway for activation of IL-8, while the MAPKs p38 and ERK are phosphorylated by the production of IL-8 after the infection, similar results have been described after RSV infection (virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family) in human lung endothelial cells where ERK phosphorylation enabledIL-8secreation 37].
Measles is caused by the measles virus, a single-stranded, negative-sense enveloped RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus within the family Paramyxoviridae. Humans are the natural hosts of the virus; no animal reservoirs are known to exist.
Measles is an acute vaccine-preventable infection common in childhood and caused by a virus of the Paramyxoviridae family.
Nipah and Hendra are members of the genus Henipavirus, a new class of virus in the Paramyxoviridae family, which includes the measles and the human parainfluenza virus (HPIV, the cause of pediatric respiratory disease).
Mumps virus is a moderately to highly contagious enveloped RNA virus belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae. (1) Mumps is spread through respiratory droplets and contact with contaminated fomites.
It is caused by Avian Paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1) of the genus Rubulavirus belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae (Rima et al., 1995; Alkhalaf, 2009; Hafez, 2011).
However, it was reported last week that a team from the Prince of Wales Hospital and Chinese University of Hong Kong have identified the virus as a member of the paramyxoviridae family via electron microscopy.