Paramyxoviridae


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Paramyxoviridae

[‚par·ə‚mik·sə′vir·ə‚dī]
(virology)
A family of negative-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses characterized by an enveloped spherical virion containing a single-stranded, nonfragmented molecule of RNA, contains the genera Paramyxovirus (sendai, mumps), Morbillivirus (measles), and Pneumovirus (respiratory syncytial virus).
References in periodicals archive ?
Singapore has also identified the microbe as belonging to the paramyxoviridae family, which is similar to the findings by authorities in Germany and Hong Kong, the ministry said.
Canine distemper virus (CDV; family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus) constitutes one such threat and has caused outbreaks in a diverse range of wild mammals: black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas) (2); lions (Panthera leo) (3); spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) (4); fennecs (Vulpes zerda); rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) (5); and aquatic species, including Lake Baikal seals (Phoca sibirica) and Caspian seals (Phoca caspia) (6).
Although preliminary research findings in Hong Kong and Germany have suggested that the disease could be caused by a virus from the paramyxoviridae family, the WHO said it is premature to make firm conclusions about the identity of the causative agent.
Henipaviruses belong to a genus of recently emerging viruses within the family Paramyxoviridae (1-3) and include 2 zoonotic members: Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV).
Investigations have been focused on the paramyxoviridae family of viruses which cause mumps, measles and common respiratory ailments.
The causative agent, PPRV virus (PPRV), belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus (3) and groups with rinderpest virus (RPV), measles virus (MV), and canine distemper virus.
Using MEGA5 (10), we used the phylogenetic trees based on N and L proteins to describe the evolutionary relationships between MojV and members of the family Paramyxoviridae (Figure).
Paramyxoviridae, Flaviviridae, Herpesviridae, Papillomaviridae, Picornaviridae, Poxviridae, Reoviridae, and Rhabdoviridae) have been found to infect camels (37-39).