Paranthropus


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Related to Paranthropus: Paranthropus boisei

Paranthropus

(pârăn`thrəpəs): see AustralopithecusAustralopithecus
, an extinct hominin genus found in Africa between about 4 and 1 million years ago. At least seven species of australopithecines are now generally recognized, including Australopithecus afarensis, A. africanus, A. bahrelghazali, A.
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Paranthropus

 

a genus of higher biped fossil primates, whose bone remains have been found in East and South Africa. It closely resembles the group Australopithecus, and together the two form the family (subfamily) Australopithicinae. Paranthropus was larger than Australopithecus and was primarily vegetarian, as can be deduced from the structure of the molar teeth. He had a relatively large brain (averaging 510 cc), which externally resembled the brain of modern anthropoid apes. Paranthropus lived between 4 and 1 million years ago.

REFERENCE

Iakimov, V. P. “Avstralopitekovye.” In the collection Iskopaemye gominidy i proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1966. (Trudy In-ta etnografii AN SSSR, vol. 92.)
References in periodicals archive ?
If the results from application of this regression equation can be trusted, then they can be interpreted as follows: enhancement of transfer learning in Australopithecus and Paranthropus, two australopithecine genera, exceeded those for all extant primates but still lay close to those of present-day great apes.
Incisor size and wear in Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus robustus.
Si este es el caso, entonces resulta adecuado separar a las tres especies robustas en el genero Paranthropus, lo cual nos da mayor claridad en cuanto a las relaciones filogeneticas y asi podemos aventurar mejores hipotesis sobre las caracteristicas particulares de la evolucion de los hominidos en general.
Caption: Scientists made a virtual 3-D reconstruction of the ear anatomy for Paranthropus robustus and determined that the hominid heard the high-frequency sounds needed to discern certain consonants.
Extending this type of analysis to Australopithecus and Paranthropus should provide new insight into when our modern human pattern of hearing may have evolved.
The 3-D designer based in Sinop, Brazil, has digitally reconstructed the faces of over 15 extinct hominid species, including Paranthropus boisei, a distant cousin to modern humans.
Published in the journal PLOS ONE, the researchers said the fossil represents one of the most recent occurrences of Paranthropus boisei, a very early species of hominin.
Its diet was also more variable than the diet of another distant human relative known as Paranthropus.
A team led by paleoanthropologist Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo of Coroplutense University of Madrid unearthed nine teeth and large parts of two arm bones and two leg bones from an adult male Paranthropus boisei.
While some early hominids sported powerful jaws and large molars - including Paranthropus boisei, dubbed "Nutcracker Man" - they may have cracked nuts rarely if at all, said University of Colorado Boulder anthropology Professor Matt Sponheimer, study co-author.
The study was done on the teeth of a creature called Paranthropus boisei, a primate that lived between 2.3 million and 1.2 million years ago in Africa.
The specimens collected for this species and for Paranthropus boisei brought the sample sizes in line with those of other hominins.