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Retraction and constriction, especially of the prepuce behind the glans penis. Also known as Spanish collar.
Retraction of the eyelid behind the eyeball.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



strangulation of the glans penis by the internal layer of the prepuce that usually occurs when the prepuce is forcibly retracted from the glans. Predisposing conditions are phimosis, balanitis, and scarring of gonorrheal or chancroid ulcers along the edges of the prepuce. Constriction by the preputial ring gives rise to circulatory disturbances in the glans penis and in the internal layer of the prepuce. The glans and prepuce may undergo partial necrosis and, occasionally, become gangrenous. The treatment for paraphimosis is surgery. Prevention includes hygienic care of the prepuce and surgical correction of phimosis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Eleven SCC, 2 melanomas, 1 chronic preputial discharge without neoplasia, and 1 paraphimosis secondary to sedation were included.
The present article describes a case of paraphimosis in a middle aged male dog with a history of sexual activity and copulation with apparently no detectable penile abnormalities.
Treatment of paraphimosis includes supporting the extended penis, manually replacing the penis in the preputial cavity, use of emollients to cover and protect the fragile exposed tissues, hydrotherapy, physiotherapy of the penis, use of broad spectrum antibiotics, and surgical interventions such as preputiotomy, phallopexy, posthetomy, and phallectomy (Lisa and Soon, 2008).
Paraphimosis is the inability of the male animal to withdraw the penis into the prepuce.
(17) Religious, social and cultural reasons for circumcision far outweigh medical ones, such as difficulties retracting the foreskin (phismosis) or returning it to its original position (paraphimosis), in influencing acceptability of the procedure.
Orovan (1988), the plaintiff underwent a circumcision to relieve paraphimosis, a condition whereby the foreskin becomes trapped behind the corona and forms a tight band of constricting tissue.
Among noninfectious cases, granulomatous perichondritis of the nasal ala, sarcoidlike foreign body reaction from multiple piercing, paraphimosis from a distal penis pierce, and speech impairment, together with difficulty in chewing and swallowing from oral jewelry, have been reported (1,2,9,10).
During the debilitating stay at Fort Enterprise, Adam was incapacitated by a painful foreskin swelling, paraphimosis. Although he "evinced unusual activity, dressed himself in clean Clothes, and appeared quite an altered Man," on 16 November, the day after the second rescue party of Indians arrived from Akaitcho, he fell behind on the first day's march from Fort Enterprise, from his weakness and "inability to withstand the violence of the wind" (p.
After all, phimosis and paraphimosis (the latter being a conditio in which, according to one surgical textbook, "the prepuce gets behind the corona glandis, threatening the strangulation of the organ") were thought to predispose boys to impotence and sterility.
Paraphimosis occurs when the prepuce is retracted proximally and remains entrapped proximal to the corona sulcus.
None of the patients had findings of paraphimosis or balanoposthitis on examination.
Paraphimosis following copulation or spontaneous erection is relatively uncommon in rams.