paraplegia

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paraplegia

(pâr'əplē`jēə), paralysis of the lower part of the body, commonly affecting both legs and often internal organs below the waist. When both legs and arms are affected, the condition is called quadriplegia. Paraplegia and quadriplegia are caused by an injury or disease that damages the spinal cord, and consequently always affects both sides of the body. The extent of the paralysis depends on the level of the spinal cord at which the damage occurs. For example, damage to the lowest area of the cord may result only in paralysis of the legs, whereas damage farther up on the cord causes possible loss of control over the muscles of the bladder and rectum as well or, if occurring even higher, may result in paralysis of all four limbs and loss of control over the muscles involved in breathing.

Most frequently the cause is an injury that either completely severs the spinal cord or damages some of the nervous tissue in the cord. Such damage could result from broken vertebrae that press against the cord. Diseases that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia include spinal tuberculosis, syphilis, spinal tumors, multiple sclerosis, and poliomyelitis. Sometimes when the disease is treated and cured, the paralysis disappears, but usually the nerve damage is irreparable and paralysis is permanent. Treatment of paraplegia and quadriplegia is aimed at helping to compensate for the paralysis by means of mechanical devices and through psychological and physical therapy.

Paraplegia

 

paralysis of both lower or both upper limbs. It arises as a result of organic lesions of the nervous system (organic paraplegia); sometimes it results from psychogenic disturbances, as in paraplegia from hysteria.

paraplegia

[‚par·ə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Paralysis of the lower limbs.

paraplegia

Pathol paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine
References in periodicals archive ?
The paraplegic organisation has long said that there is a problem with voting during elections as the ledge in the booths where voters fill in their slips were positioned too high to be easily accessible for people with wheelchairs and asked that wider ledges should be placed at polling stations to ensure that people with disabilities can take advantage of their electoral rights.
According to The Guardian, researcher Miguel Nicolelis, whose team focused on ways to read people's brain waves and use them to control robotic limbs, is training nine paraplegic men and women aged between 20 and 40 years to use the exoskeleton at a neurorobotics rehabilitation lab in Sao Paulo.
The results so far are promising: these experimental techniques have enabled a small, carefully selected group of paraplegic patients to walk hundreds of meters in the laboratory, using walkers for support.
The foundation stone of paraplegic institution was laid by General(Late) GG Bewoor, PVSM, the then Chief of Army Staff on 23 June 1973 and the Centre was inaugurated by (Late) Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, the then President of India on 20 Sep 1974.
Finally, paraplegics who had reported fatigue 3 years earlier were less able to function independently.
Unlike a paraplegic, whose spinal cord is severed, an amputee retains neural connections between all parts of his or her body and the brain.
Self-socialization: readjustment of paraplegics in the community.
Russell Ashinoff, who helped lead the surgery, are intending for the procedure to restore sensation in the patient's posterior and prevent acute pressure ulcers -a common side effect associated with paraplegics that can relegate otherwise highly-functional handicapped people to be bedridden.
The post Paraplegics back health minister, NHS appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
They began working with rehabilitation clinics to tailor them for paraplegics, believing they could create a device that predicted a person's walking intentions based on movements in the lower back.
Sixty years ago a relatively unknown actor named Marlon Brando helped Hollywood introduce to the general public a relatively unknown segment of society: paraplegics.
Sure,'' one of them said, giving him the look he's seen so many times playing a round of golf at Woodley -- the only public golf course in the San Fernando Valley with a single-seat golf cart designed especially for paraplegics.