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Parentheses ( ( ) ) are used to separate information that is not necessary to the structure or meaning of the surrounding text.
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see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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The left parenthesis "(" and right parenthesis ")" are used to delineate one expression from another. For example, in the query list for size="34" and (color = "red" or color ="green"), parentheses group the ORs together so they are a distinct entity from the AND.

In programming, parentheses are used to surround input parameters of a function call. For example, in C, the string compare statement strnicmp (itemA, itemB, 10) uses parentheses to group the ITEMA, ITEMB and 10 values handed over to the function.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mastering introductory signals for citations is a must for persuasive citation, as is use of parentheticals and pinpoint cites.
Plus, there is guidance for incorporating citations into documents, signals, explanatory parentheticals, and order of authorities, as well as a whole chapter on quotations.
There is no corresponding research on Estonian parentheticals and most probably there would be crucial differences between the two languages, especially in regard to pitch movement.
When it comes to the semantic development of first person epistemic parentheticals, Traugott (1995) notes that the subject may lose referential (objective) properties, and become simply the starting point of a perspective.
There is no reason to insert parentheticals systematically after any authority introduced by the signal see.
when used in parentheticals and endnotes; please spell out when used in the body of the article.
More fascinating to the narratologist are her discussion of orality features in the context of narrative, and her analysis of first-person epistemic parentheticals.
Given his remark in footnote 7 of"Function and Concept", my conjecture is that had he considered parentheticals such as those we have been here scrutinizing he would have inferred, from the fact that they have semantic content, that the only role they can play is to contribute that content to the contents of larger sentences in which they occur.
It separates state and federal cases and statutes, removes pinpoint cites and explanatory second parentheticals, expands abbreviations, and even corrects simple punctuation errors.
The purpose of this article is to help you develop a more persuasive and effective citation style by discussing development of a citation plan, the hierarchy of authority, the role of courts and precedent; the use of pinpoint cites, parentheticals, and signals; and placement of citations.
Citations to cases are listed by circuit and include detailed parentheticals.
A citation consists of three basic parts: an introductory signal stating the nature of the support provided, a description of the authority, and an optional parenthetical phrase explaining its relevance to the subject matter.