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Parentheses ( ( ) ) are used to separate information that is not necessary to the structure or meaning of the surrounding text.
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see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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The left parenthesis "(" and right parenthesis ")" are used to delineate one expression from another. For example, in the query list for size="34" and (color = "red" or color ="green"), parentheses group the ORs together so they are a distinct entity from the AND.

In programming, parentheses are used to surround input parameters of a function call. For example, in C, the string compare statement strnicmp (itemA, itemB, 10) uses parentheses to group the ITEMA, ITEMB and 10 values handed over to the function.
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References in periodicals archive ?
What if we told you that there is a new parenthetical used in legal citations that is taking the appellate world by storm?
(31) It advises to cite the original source, "[w]henever possible." (32) That citation should appear in yet another parenthetical after the Rule 5.2 and 5.3 parentheticals, formatted as if the source were cited directly, and including whatever parentheticals of its own those rules require.
Mastering introductory signals for citations is a must for persuasive citation, as is use of parentheticals and pinpoint cites.
They call these items epistemic parentheticals. Also Estonian comprehensive grammar treats items such as ma tean and ma arvan as parenthetical items, without which the sentence would still be well-formed (Erelt, Kasik, Metslang, Rajandi, Ross, Saari, Tael, Vare 1993 : 103).
Quotes, Numbers, and Parentheticals. The patient calls the insurance company again.
Apropos of parentheticals, Rule 1.5 prescribes rules on their design (p.
Dates should be written European style: "1 January 1400." "Circa" is abbreviated as "ca." when used in parentheticals and endnotes; please spell out when used in the body of the article.
More fascinating to the narratologist are her discussion of orality features in the context of narrative, and her analysis of first-person epistemic parentheticals. What Brinton's study emphasizes quite decidedly is the narrative importance of orality features which have hitherto been marginalized as "oral substrates" or memory supporters or even fillers employed to smoothe out the rhyme (Visser's favorite explanation for nearly everything from anon to the historical present tense).
Given his remark in footnote 7 of"Function and Concept", my conjecture is that had he considered parentheticals such as those we have been here scrutinizing he would have inferred, from the fact that they have semantic content, that the only role they can play is to contribute that content to the contents of larger sentences in which they occur.
It separates state and federal cases and statutes, removes pinpoint cites and explanatory second parentheticals, expands abbreviations, and even corrects simple punctuation errors.
The purpose of this article is to help you develop a more persuasive and effective citation style by discussing development of a citation plan, the hierarchy of authority, the role of courts and precedent; the use of pinpoint cites, parentheticals, and signals; and placement of citations.
Citations to cases are listed by circuit and include detailed parentheticals.