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Páros (päˈrôs, pârˈŏs), island (1991 pop. 9,591), c.81 sq mi (210 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. The main town is Páros. The land slopes to the coast from Mt. Hagios Ilias (c.2,500 ft/760 m high). Wine, tobacco, figs, and grains are produced on the island. The beautiful white, semitransparent Parian marble, used by sculptors and architects as early as the 6th cent. B.C., is quarried on the mountain. Páros was settled by Ionians and became a maritime power and a center of Aegean trade. In the 7th cent. B.C. it established colonies in Thásos and on the Sea of Marmara. During the Persian Wars, Athens accused Páros of aiding the Persians and captured the island in 479 B.C. Páros was held by the Ottoman Turks from 1537 to 1832, when it joined Greece. Two marble fragments of a great historical inscription, called the Parian Chronicle, have been found on the island. The chronicle was set up after 263 B.C., its terminal date. The larger fragment (covering 1581–354 B.C.) is one of the Arundel Marbles, housed at Oxford, England; the smaller (covering 356–299 B.C.) is in a museum on Páros.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, in the Cyclades group. Paros has an area of 196 sq km and a maximum elevation of 771 m. The island is composed of crystalline rock and limestone. There are traces of volcanic activity. Paros is famous for its marble. The vegetation consists of Mediterranean shrubbery. There is stock raising and wine-making. The harbor of Naousa is on the northern part of the island.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A slightly under-life-size portrait head of Ptolemy III in Parian marble (Fig.
The acrolithic technique of Ptolemy's portrait was employed in a nearly contemporary colossal bearded head of Herakles, about half a meter high and also in Parian marble, now in the Sparta Museum (Fig.
Two examples, also in Parian marble, may be associated with Ptolemaic ruler portraits and dated to the reign of Ptolemy III: a posthumous head of Ptolemy I Soter, now in Copenhagen, (62) and a head, probably of Berenike II, from the Athenian Agora.
(44.) On Late Archaic sculpture in Parian marble from Lakonia, see Palagia 1993.
In the centre (of the temple) stands the goddess, formed of Parian marble - a half-suppressed smile is on her mouth.
By contrast, the Parian Marble places the takeover in the archon year of Apollodorus, therefore, after midsummer 319 and in the same entry as that recording Antipater's death.(9) However, the credentials of the Parian Marble as a chronographic source have been scrutinised in recent years, and found less than universally reliable.(10) As I will demonstrate, in this case it is again deficient.
Firstly, the inevitable historiographical conclusion: the chronology of the Parian Marble is again faulty, and in this case, nothing can resuscitate it.
52; Parian Marble, FGrH 239 F B12; Pausanias 1.6.4.
74, (hereafter, Bosworth 1992b), provides decisive comment on the veracity of the Parian marble, contra R.
Formerly in the celebrated collection of the dealer Felix Bienamine Feuardent (1819-1907), this exceptionally fine Parian marble Archaic Greek fragment was purchased by the Louvre for 2.45 [euro] million after the Minister of Culture imposed an export ban the day before its sale by Feuardent's heirs at Drouot in the autumn.