Parícutin (pärēˈko͞otēn), active volcano, c.8,200 ft (2,500 m) high, Michoacán state, W central Mexico. In one of the most spectacular eruptions of modern times, Parícutin burst forth from a cornfield on Feb. 20, 1943, and grew discontinuously until 1952, spewing forth over a billion tons of lava. It buried the town of San Juan Parangaricutiro and the village of Parícutin, whence its name. The cone is a remarkable example of volcanic growth, and its development was closely studied by international scientific teams.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(also Paricutín), a volcano in Mexico, in the Transverse Volcanic Axis. It rises to an elevation of 2,774 m (according to some data, 3, 170 m). In 1943 there were great spurts of incandescent scoria, alternating with ejections of steam and ash, and significant lava flow. Parícutin’s eruptions, which lasted until 1952, were a combination of the strombolian and Vulcanian types.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.