Park Chung Hee


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Related to Park Chung Hee: Park Geun-hye, Syngman Rhee

Park Chung Hee

(pärk chŭng hē), 1917–79, president (1963–79) of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Starting (1940) his military career in the Japanese army, he joined the new South Korean army after the establishment of Korean independence at the end of World War II and rose through the ranks. In 1961 he was a member of the military junta that overthrew the civilian government. He became chairman of the junta government and in 1963 was elected president. He was reelected in 1967 and again in 1971, having amended (1969) the constitution to allow himself a third successive term. Although his government aided economic progress by emphasizing export-oriented growth, it became more dictatorial over the years. In 1972, Park declared martial law, allegedly to institute revitalizing reforms, and again altered the constitution to give himself almost unlimited power. Despite demands for democratic government, censorship, political repression, and torture of political prisoners increased. In Aug., 1974, Park's wife was killed during one of the several assassination attempts against him. Park was killed in 1979 by the head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency.
References in periodicals archive ?
South Korea also faced severe state censorship and control throughout the twentieth century, especially under Park Chung Hee (1961-1979) and Chun Doo Hwan (1980-1987).
Mariko Kajitani, 66, a member of a citizens group based in Shimane Prefecture, said she hopes Park will respond to Japan's call to jointly file a suit with the international court to settle the dispute, noting Park's father, the late President Park Chung Hee, normalized diplomatic relations with Japan.
Park, 60, is the daughter of former President Park Chung Hee, while Moon, 59, is a former human rights lawyer and a former chief of staff for the late President Roh Moo Hyun.
Although most of the studies of South Korea's economic development during this time have concentrated on either state policies or on the chaebols, Korea's large business conglomerates, the essays in this book center around the role of Park Chung Hee.
They became adults during the military dictatorships of Presidents Park Chung Hee (1961-79) and Chun Doo Hwan (1980-87), when the government suppressed student-led pro-democratic protests and enforced censorship.
alert this afternoon after the bizarre restaurant shooting of President Park Chung Hee.
During the 1950s, Park claims, Protestantism under Syngman Rhee achieved sociopolitical dominance because the most influential members of the political leadership were Protestant, a situation that changed after 1961 under Park Chung Hee and his successors, when the bonds of religious affiliation were dissolved.
A Korean point of view, expressed by South Korean president Park Chung Hee in Ideology of Social Reconstruction (1962), adds some yin to the American yang: "Taking a lesson from the failure of the imported (from the U.
He interviewed normally inaccessible figures such as presidents Chiang Kaishek of Taiwan and Park Chung Hee of Korea.
Yonhap's sources, however, say Kim takes other precautions -- based on lessons learned from the assassination of South Korean President Park Chung Hee by a subordinate during a banquet in October 1979 -- such as wearing a sidearm at all times.
El legendario "hombre fuerte" Singman Rhee --nombrado presidente tras la particion del pais en 1948: el norte, copado por los comunistas pro-chinos y el sur, bastion del "mundo libre"-- acabo derrocado en 1961 por Park Chung Hee, un general golpista quien a su vez termino asesinado por la CIA en 1979.
A critical appraisal of economic achievements under the Park Chung Hee system, Soohaeng Kim and Seung-Ho Park