Park of Culture and Recreation

Park of Culture and Recreation

 

in the USSR, a cultural and educational establishment directed toward furthering the communist upbringing of working people, increasing their civic-mindedness and work productivity, and developing their aesthetic tastes through the organized use of leisure time.

Parks of culture and recreation consist of gardens and wooded areas. The largest of the parks have various types of theaters (some outdoors), lecture halls, reading rooms, amusement areas, dance halls, rental centers for sporting and other equipment, shooting ranges, playing fields, boating facilities, ski runs, skating rinks, playing courts, one-day houses of rest, and children’s playgrounds.

Diverse political, cultural, educational, and athletic events are held in parks of culture and recreation. There are festive stage presentations, folk festivals, topical entertainments and gatherings, lectures, discussions, interviews with celebrities and scientific and cultural leaders, evenings of relaxation, games, balls, carnivals, sports festivals and competitions, and entertainment and children’s matinees. Amateur and professional concerts and art exhibits are also held. Feature films, popular science films, and documentaries are shown, and exhibitions on various themes are organized. Amateur clubs of revolutionary and battle glory are popular, as are amateur art, literature, technology, and sports clubs. There also are various clubs for collectors. Classes are available for a fee in music and ballroom dancing and in figure skating and several other sports. Membership in small circles engaging in the above activities is also available for a fee.

The first park of culture and recreation was established in Moscow on the site of the First All-Russian Agricultural and Domestic-Industries Exhibition of 1923; it was opened on Aug. 12, 1928. Today known as the M. Gorky Central Park of Culture and Recreation of the Order of Lenin, it is the largest such park in the USSR. Other large parks of culture and recreation are the central parks of Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Kharkov, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tallinn, Baku, and Frunze.

In 1973 the Ministry of Culture of the USSR alone maintained 1,100 parks of culture and recreation. (In 1956 this figure was about 500.) A large number of parks are under the jurisdiction of trade unions, educational institutions, communal services, and health resorts.

A. M. DIMENTMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
the subject of the contract is: Repair works for parts of the communication routes in the provincial park of culture and recreation in chorzw.
Contract awarded for Ensuring construction works and repair services in the provincial park of culture and recreation gen.
The subject of the order is the provision of construction works and repair services in the provincial park of culture and recreation gen.
Contract awarded for Providing services and work on the organization of events at the provincial park of culture and recreation gen.
Tenders are invited for supply and installation of childrens play equipment for disabled children and other low-mobility groups for installation in the molodyozhny park of culture and recreation, located at: chelyabinsk region, zlatoust, st.
Request for quotations: rendering of services for construction control and supervision over the performance of works on the improvement of the park of culture and recreation "slava", for the improvement of the courtyard territories of the urban settlement meleuz city of the meleuzovsky district of the republic of bashkortostan
Electronic auction: implementation of works on the development of design estimates "improvement of the park of culture and recreation dobroselsky in the city of vladimir"
Electronic auction: repair of the power line of street lighting located in the park of culture and recreation named after pilyutov in the city of asha.
Electronic auction: provision of services for the installation of a video surveillance system in a place of mass recreation of the population located at: nizhnevartovsk, a park recreation area quarter, a park of culture and recreation named after the 40th anniversary of victory
Tenders are invited for security services (services for the protection of the territory of the park of culture and recreation named after b.
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