Parks, Rosa

Parks, Rosa (Lee McCauley)

(1913–  ) civil rights activist; born in Tuskagee, Ala. After briefly attending Alabama State University, she married and settled in Montgomery, Ala., where by 1955 she was working as a tailor's assistant in a department store. Contrary to most early portrayals of her as merely a poor, tired seamstress, who on the spur of the moment refused to surrender her seat in a bus to a white passenger, she had long been a community activist—she had served as secretary of the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and she had worked for the Union of Sleeping Car Porters. She had also been involved in previous incidents when refusing to leave a bus seat. By forcing the police to remove, arrest, and imprison her on this occasion, and then agreeing to become a test case of segregation ordinances, she played a deliberate role in instigating the Montgomery bus boycott (1955–56). She was fired from her job at the department store and in 1957 she became a youth worker in Detroit, Mich. As she eventually earned recognition as the "midwife" or "mother" of the civil rights revolution, she became a sought-after speaker nationally.
References in periodicals archive ?
OCEANIA (see a/so individual countries) Oceania (map), 017&24-21 World in Focus, 017&24-33 O'CONNOR, SANDRA DAY Changes in the Supreme Court, S19-3 New Era for the Court, Mr6-4 Supreme Court and You, Ja9-10 Supreme Court Ins and Outs, D12-5 Supreme Court Shuffle, N28-5 OLYMPIC GAMES Gold Rush: 2006 Winter Olympic Games, F6-6 Olympic Passion (with chart), Mr27-4 PAKISTAN Who's Who/Government Leaders, 017&24-11 PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES Gaza Time Line 1946-2005, N14-10 GeoSkills: Changing Borders, N14-14 Palestinians' Surprise Vote (with map), Mr6-4 Trouble in Gaza, N14-10 Who's Who/Government Leaders, 017&24-10 PARKS, ROSA Legacy of Rosa Barks (play), N28-6 PETS Designer Dog or Mutt?
2) Rosa Parks, Rosa Parks: My Story (New York: Puffin Books, 1992): 49.
Parks, Rosa, Rosa Parks: My Story (Penguin Putnam, 1999).

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