Parler


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Parler

 

(in Czech, Parléř). A family of architects and sculptors who lived in the 14th and the beginning of the 15th century. The family had a southern German and a Czech branch.

Members of the southern German branch who created outstanding examples of late Gothic (Sondergotik) architecture follow.

Heinrich Parler (I). Born circa 1300–10, possibly in Cologne. He built the Kreuzkirche in Schwäbisch-Gmünd (beginning in 1351), which became the prototype for southern German hall churches of the 14th and 15th centuries.

Johann Parler. From Schwäbisch-Gmünd. He supervised the construction of the new choir of the cathedral in Freiburg beginning in 1354.

Heinrich Parler (II). From Ulm. Circa 1377–83 he supervised the construction of the choir in the cathedral in Ulm with Michael Parler (II) and Heinrich Parler (III).

Michael Parler (III). He directed the construction of the cathedral in Strasbourg, beginning in 1383.

The most prominent member of the Czech branch of the family was Peter Parler.

Peter Parler. Born 1330 in Schwäbisch-Gmünd; died July 13, 1399, in Prague. Architect and sculptor. He supervised the construction in Prague of the cathedral of St. Vitus—which was continued by his sons Václav (Wenceslaus) and Jan—and of the Charles Bridge (1357–78), which has towers at each end. He also built the choir of the church of St. Bartholomew in Kolin (1360–78). His most outstanding sculptural works are the stone gravestones of Přemysl Otakar I (1377) and Přemysl Otakar II [1377(?)], both in the cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague, and his stone portrait busts (1374–85, with other masters), which are in the triforium of the cathedral of St. Vitus. The portrait busts are extremely expressive and reflect Parler’s keen powers of observation. The work of Peter Parler marked the height of Gothic art in Bohemia.

REFERENCES

Reinhold, H. Der Chor des Münsters zu Freiburg und die Baukunst der Parlerfamilie. Strasbourg, 1929.
Swoboda, K. M. Peter Parler: Der Baukünstler und Bildhauer [3rd ed.]. Vienna, 1942.
Bachmann, E. Peter Parler. Kitzingen/Main [1952].
References in periodicals archive ?
Parler is at pains to emphasize this because Yoder's critics, perhaps reading him through his better-known protege Stanley Hauerwas, have often accused him of focusing too much on the church at the expense of the larger society.
Adjnadine Samran Le Jourdain Parler pour ne rien dire n'est pas une expression qu'on pourrait lui attribuer.
The man who often seems to struggle with the English language, coming up with his own Ronglish phrases like Spotters' Badge, Lollipop and Eyebrows, now attempts to parler en francais.
Les penuries ont amene les femmes a se rapprocher plus que jamais et elles leur ont donne assez de courage pour parler au sujet des preoccupations feminines en public sans en etre indument embarrassees.
The author of the popular Let's Parler Franglais books reverts to childhood.
Aide-moi a te parler : la communication parent Montreal.
Une fermeture definitive aurait donc frappe durement le pays sans parler des employes de l'usine.
Nous avions l'impression d'avoir remporte un prix, car tout le monde voulait parler aux "jeunes entrepreneurs qui font des choses pas ordinaires" [much greater than], ajoute-t-il en riant.
Peut-on parler du Reveil et des liberaux de la premiere moitie du siecle, sans evoquer, fut-ce brievement, Rousseau, Benjamin Constant, Germaine de Stael et Chateaubriand?
Desperate and frustrated, he is forced to flee his native land; thus the opening lines of the book: "Parler de ma ville natale est une douleur, ne pas en parler en est une autre.
Ainsi, l'agriculture amene les auteures a parler des differents types de cultures de legumes, de fruits et de cereales, mais aussi de division des terres, de corvees, de coupe du bois, d'elevage de renard et de trappage.
The main focus of this training will be safety," said Buster Parler, area human resources manager.