Short Parliament

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Short Parliament:

see English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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Much more trenchant revisionism is offered by Mark Kishlansky, who argues that Charles became a royalist in response to the Short Parliament of 1640. Kishlansky claims that Charles approached the session in a spirit of partnership, in a mood to compromise, and in expectation of finding allegiance, honour, and duty, and that he was soon disappointed (but unbowed) because of the provocative behaviour of his critics, who ignored damning evidence about covenanter collusion with Louis XIII and demonstrated a determination to attack the royal prerogative.
John Hampden emerged as one of the most visible of Charles I' s opponents when he was the defendant in the celebrated test case over the legality of Ship Money, and then took a leading role in the Commons in the Short Parliament of 1640. This month' s extract from the files of the History of Parliament Trust considers his religious agenda during the opening stages of the Long Parliament.