Parliamentary Committees

Parliamentary Committees

 

in bourgeois states, auxiliary bodies created by parliament (either separate committees drawn from each chamber or joint parliamentary committees, which are drawn from both chambers). Most bills, draft resolutions, and other acts adopted by parliaments are submitted for consideration to legislative parliamentary committees, which play a very important role in legislation. Depending on their term of office, the subjects under their jurisdiction, and the extent of their competency, legislative parliamentary committees are classified as standing (that is, meeting throughout a parliament’s term of office), temporary, or specialized. In most bourgeois states, such as the USA, France, Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland, parliaments form standing legislative committees which, as a rule, specialize in certain areas, including the economy, agriculture, finances, foreign affairs, and the military. Temporary committees, which are usually nonspecialized, are created to consider a concrete question. However, the House of Commons in Great Britain forms a number of permanent, nonspecialized parliamentary committees (committees A, B, C, D, and so forth).

In the USA, Italy, and other states legislative committees have very broad powers over bills submitted for their consideration. Thus, in fact, the parliamentary committee may replace a chamber of parliament, inasmuch as the committee is given real legislative power, whereas the chamber only confirms the committee’s decision. The creation of parliamentary committees with such broad powers significantly encroaches on the legislative rights and competency of the parliament. This phenomenon is characteristic of the developing crisis of bourgeois parliamentarianism. Parliamentary committees are formed in accordance with regulations. Formally, they are elected, but in fact, they are appointed. The party balance that exists in the parliament is maintained in the committees.

Special investigative parliamentary committees have become common in the bourgeois states. They carry out the special instructions of the chamber or investigate the activity of executive bodies, public organizations, and enterprises. Committees of the entire chamber are formed in some countries in order to simplify parliamentary procedure. Examples include the Committee of the Entire House on the State of the Union (the House of Representatives in the USA) and the Ways and Means Committee (the House of Commons in Great Britain). These committees include all the deputies of the chamber but work under the leadership of their own chairmen and not under the chairman of the chamber.

In the socialist states the higher bodies of state power form committees on various branches of the administration.

A. A. MISHIN

References in classic literature ?
Vholes has even been cited with crushing effect before Parliamentary committees, as in the following blue minutes of a distinguished attorney's evidence.
He further said that Parliamentary Committees are important organ of the Parliament and without their formation enactment of Legislation was not possible.
"There are several scenarios about the presidency of the parliamentary committees, including the sharing of presidencies between the political blocs or leave the freedom of MPs within the committees by to choose," Suhail told NINA.
Summary: Lebanon's caretaker Environment Minister Tarek Khatib said Friday that the parliamentary committees' approval of an integrated waste management law indicated Parliament's willingness to solve the country's waste crisis.
National Assembly Majority leader Aden Duale has allegedly tabled before a parliamentary committees a list of those he said are behind the importation of poisonous sugar.
Under legal condition, after failure in reaching consensus of former CM and leader of opposition in Balochistan and also failure of parliamentary committees of province, now the ECP will decide the name of caretaker CM of the province.
Parliamentary committees of both provinces fail to evolve consensus PTI says Hassan Askari was only neutrashylcandidshyate, but governshyment refuseshyd Bizenjo-led Balochistan government refuses to participate in parliamentary committee meeting LAHORE/QUETTA: The decision of caretaker chief ministers for Punjab and Balochistan will be referred to Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) after the parliamentary committees of respective provinces failed to evolve a consensus.
KP puts ball in ECP's court; Punjab and Balochistan pin their hopes on parliamentary committees
First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Sheikh Nasser Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah during the meeting of the joint parliamentary committee KUWAIT, June 3 (KUNA) -- First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Sheikh Nasser Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah on Sunday said that the meeting of the joint parliamentary committee was "excellent and fruitful." Sheikh Nasser Al-Sabah made the statement to KUNA after a meeting for the parliamentary committees on budget and final accounts, financial and economic affairs, and legislative legal affairs, and the government, tackling a host of state finances.
Chairman of Azerbaijani Parliamentary Committee on International and Interparliamentary relations Samad Seyidov, MPs Sevinj Fataliyeva, Asim Mollazade and Javanshir Feiziyev will be in Ankara to participate in the trilateral meeting of the parliamentary committees on foreign relations of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Georgia until March 1.
As the opposition, the Alternative for Germany is set to lead several parliamentary committees. But the German Cultural Council has warned allowing the far-right party to control culture would send a "fatal signal."Last week's preliminary agreement between Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD) makes the perspective of a renewed "grand coalition" more likely for Germany's government.
A VMRO-DPMNE official has told Dnevnik that the chairperson's offices of the parliamentary committees that SDSM was supposed to fill will most probably remain vacant.

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