Parliamentary Committees

Parliamentary Committees

 

in bourgeois states, auxiliary bodies created by parliament (either separate committees drawn from each chamber or joint parliamentary committees, which are drawn from both chambers). Most bills, draft resolutions, and other acts adopted by parliaments are submitted for consideration to legislative parliamentary committees, which play a very important role in legislation. Depending on their term of office, the subjects under their jurisdiction, and the extent of their competency, legislative parliamentary committees are classified as standing (that is, meeting throughout a parliament’s term of office), temporary, or specialized. In most bourgeois states, such as the USA, France, Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland, parliaments form standing legislative committees which, as a rule, specialize in certain areas, including the economy, agriculture, finances, foreign affairs, and the military. Temporary committees, which are usually nonspecialized, are created to consider a concrete question. However, the House of Commons in Great Britain forms a number of permanent, nonspecialized parliamentary committees (committees A, B, C, D, and so forth).

In the USA, Italy, and other states legislative committees have very broad powers over bills submitted for their consideration. Thus, in fact, the parliamentary committee may replace a chamber of parliament, inasmuch as the committee is given real legislative power, whereas the chamber only confirms the committee’s decision. The creation of parliamentary committees with such broad powers significantly encroaches on the legislative rights and competency of the parliament. This phenomenon is characteristic of the developing crisis of bourgeois parliamentarianism. Parliamentary committees are formed in accordance with regulations. Formally, they are elected, but in fact, they are appointed. The party balance that exists in the parliament is maintained in the committees.

Special investigative parliamentary committees have become common in the bourgeois states. They carry out the special instructions of the chamber or investigate the activity of executive bodies, public organizations, and enterprises. Committees of the entire chamber are formed in some countries in order to simplify parliamentary procedure. Examples include the Committee of the Entire House on the State of the Union (the House of Representatives in the USA) and the Ways and Means Committee (the House of Commons in Great Britain). These committees include all the deputies of the chamber but work under the leadership of their own chairmen and not under the chairman of the chamber.

In the socialist states the higher bodies of state power form committees on various branches of the administration.

A. A. MISHIN

References in classic literature ?
Vholes has even been cited with crushing effect before Parliamentary committees, as in the following blue minutes of a distinguished attorney's evidence.
Meetings of different parliamentary committees which mull over important national level matters referred to by the National Assembly and the Senate had been cancelled for 17 times in the second last quarters of the 5th parliamentary year.
Chairman of Azerbaijani Parliamentary Committee on International and Interparliamentary relations Samad Seyidov, MPs Sevinj Fataliyeva, Asim Mollazade and Javanshir Feiziyev will be in Ankara to participate in the trilateral meeting of the parliamentary committees on foreign relations of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Georgia until March 1.
It seeks to have the office of the Directorate of Criminal Investigations and that of the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission embed representatives in the parliamentary committees.
As the opposition, the Alternative for Germany is set to lead several parliamentary committees.
A member of the committee MP Majid al-Gharawi told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / that "the security and defense committee in Parliament has not seen the details of the US military loan for Iraq, which took place without advice from the legislative authority or the competent parliamentary committees.
A VMRO-DPMNE official has told Dnevnik that the chairperson's offices of the parliamentary committees that SDSM was supposed to fill will most probably remain vacant.
The field sessions of the parliamentary committees started in Batken region on April 21.
Details said, 4 chairmen of standing committees and 3 of parliamentary committees have not been elected yet which has spread severe worry ness amongst parliamentary circles.
Al-Sharif stressed Jordan's fixed stances toward peace process in the Middle East, urging other Parliamentary Committees to promote the fixed positions on the peace process in the Middle East, calling at the same time, members of the Parliamentary Committee to promote U.
He urged all parliamentary leaders to hold their meetings and form parliamentary committees of the house as early as possible.
Without naming Hezbollah, Geagea, a leading figure in the March 14 opposition that has boycotted government's work, argued it would be unethical to convene parliamentary committees that included members of the resistance group.

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