(redirected from Parliamentary committee)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.


one or more persons appointed or elected to consider, report on, or take action on a particular matter. Because of the advantages of a division of labor, legislative committees of various kinds have assumed much of the work of legislatures in many nations. Standing committees are appointed in both houses of the U.S. Congress at the beginning of every session to deal with bills in the different specific classes. Important congressional committees include ways and means; appropriations; commerce; armed services; foreign relations; and judiciary. The number, but not the scope, of the committees was much reduced in 1946. Since then there has been a large increase in the number of subcommittees, which have become steadily more important.

Members of committees are in effect elected by caucuses of the two major parties in Congress; the majority party is given the chairmanship and majority on each committee, and chairmanships, as well as membership on important committees, are influenced by seniority, but seniority is no longer the sole deciding factor and others may override it. The presiding officer of either house may appoint special committees, including those of investigation, which have the power to summon witnesses and compel the submission of evidence. The presiding officers also appoint committees of conference to obtain agreement between the two houses on the content of bills of the same general character. The U.S. legislative committee system conducts most congressional business through its powers of scrutiny and investigation of government departments.

In France the constitution of the Fifth Republic permits each legislative chamber to have no more than six standing committees. Because these committees are large, unofficial committees have formed that do much of the real work of examining bills. As in the U.S. government, these committees are quite powerful because of their ability to delay legislation. In Great Britain devices such as committees of the whole are used in the consideration of money bills and there are large standing committees of the House of Commons, but committees have not been very important in the British legislature. Recently attempts have been made to form specialized committees.


See L. A. Froman, The Congressional Process (1967); G. Goodwin, Jr., The Little Legislatures (1970); Congressional Quarterly, Guide to Congress (3d ed. 1982).

References in periodicals archive ?
The figures (from June 2013 till date) show that over three dozens of parliamentary committees including the 'Special Committee on Kashmir', the 'General Assembly of On women's Parliamentary Caucus', the 'Special Committee on IDPs of FATA', the 'Parliamentary Committee on National Security' met around a dozen time to discuss important matters.
Chairman of Azerbaijani Parliamentary Committee on International and Interparliamentary relations Samad Seyidov, MPs Sevinj Fataliyeva, Asim Mollazade and Javanshir Feiziyev will be in Ankara to participate in the trilateral meeting of the parliamentary committees on foreign relations of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Georgia until March 1.
The parliamentary committee is a constitutional body that takes up recommendations of the judicial commission headed by the chief justice on the appointment or elevation of a judge to the superior judiciary.
The Parliamentary Committee welcomed these initiatives and Ambassador Yao Jing thanked the Parliamentary Committee for playing a key role in promoting consensus among provinces, political parties and parliament on CPEC.
Since its establishment in 1998, the Parliamentary Committee on Cultural and Media Affairs has developed a leading role in promoting Germany's Holocaust remembrance culture," said Cultural Council head Olaf Zimmermann in a statement.
Mushahid also invited Ambassador Yao Jing to meet with the Parliamentary Committee on CPEC at a mutually convenient time.
Senator Mushahid invited Ambassdor Yao Jing to meet with the parliamentary committee on CPEC at a mutually convenient time and this invitation was accepted with pleasure.
Sources told that the amount was taken to overcome the deficit and illegally a fund was established by the money so the Parliamentary committee will initiate probe against the fund and will seek for the reasons of loss in the PR also.
The 100-member Senate gave its approval a day after the lower house, the National Assembly, unanimously passed a resolution for the formation of the parliamentary committee.
The issues to be discussed include ownership and intellectual rights, in addition to a report by a parliamentary committee on education and cultural affairs, that dictates who would attain citizenship in the year 2016.
During his visit, Palling will be received by the House President Yiannakis Omirou and will hold separate meetings with Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Foreign and European Affairs Averof Neophytou, Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Financial and Budgetary Affairs Nicolas Papadopoulos, Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Energy, Trade, Industry and Tourism, Zacharias Zachariou and Athena Kyriakidou, member of the Parliamentary Committee on Internal Affairs.
He will be joined on this visit by Vice Speaker Cholpon Sultanbekova, MP Karganbek Samakov, head of the parliamentary group of friendship with Japan, MP Saidulla Nishanov, chairman of the parliamentary committee for agrarian policy, water resources, ecology and regional development, MP Zamir Bekboyev, vice chairman of the parliamentary committee on economic and fiscal policy, MP Myktybek Abdyldayev, member of the parliamentary committee on human rights, constitutional legislation and government system, MP Tursuntai Salimov, member of the parliamentary committee on budget and finances, MP Altynbek Sulaimanov, member of the parliamentary committee on social policy.

Full browser ?