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(pärmējänē`nō) or


(–jä`nō), 1503–40, Italian painter and etcher, one of the most sensitive mannerist artists (see mannerismmannerism,
a style in art and architecture (c.1520–1600), originating in Italy as a reaction against the equilibrium of form and proportions characteristic of the High Renaissance.
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) and one of the period's finest draftsmen. His real name was Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola. The name Parmigianino is derived from his birthplace, Parma. His early paintings show the pervasive influence of CorreggioCorreggio
, c.1494–1534, Italian painter, whose real name was Antonio Allegri, called Correggio for his birthplace. He learned the rudiments of art from his uncle Lorenzo Allegri.
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. These include The Marriage of St. Catherine (Parma Gall.) and the frescoes in San Giovanni Evangelista, where both artists painted. Parmigianino was in Rome for a few years, but had to flee during the sack of the city in 1527. He went to Bologna, where he painted the altarpiece Madonna and Child with St. Margaret and Other Saints. One of his most curious works is a painting of himself seen in the distorted reflection of a convex mirror (Vienna). In 1531 he returned to Parma and spent the last years of his life painting frescoes in Santa Maria della Steccata. His art is noted for its remarkable grace and sensuality and for its elongated figures. Among his important works are the Vision of St. Jerome (National Gall., London); Madonna dal Collo Lungo (Uffizi, Florence); and the Legend of Diane and Acteon (Rocca di Fontanellato, near Parma). Parmigianino was one of the first artists to use the technique of etching, and through this medium his style became influential in Italy and N Europe.


See A. E. Popham, Catalogue of the Drawings of Parmigianino (3 vol., 1971); study by S. Freedberg (1950, repr. 1971); D. Franklin and D. Ekserdjian, The Art of Parmigianino (2004).


real name Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola. 1503--40, Italian painter, one of the originators of mannerism
References in periodicals archive ?
e il caso del ritratto d'un giovane Uomo col petrarchino (collezione privata), opera del Parmigianino e della meta circa degli anni Venti del XVI secolo; il personaggio stringe nelle mani un volumetto sulla cui copertina e scritto: "FRANC.
As Parmigianino did it, the right hand Bigger than the head, thrust at the viewer And swerving easily away, as though to protect What it advertises.
A link between the two painters can be found in Ashbery's own art criticism, where he has proposed Parmigianino as a precursor of de Chirico on account of "his craftsmanship at the service of a sense of the mystery behind physical appearances" (Reported Sightings 31).
By 1568 he had arrived in Venice, where Tintoretto, Bassano and especially Titian impressed him deeply Arriving in Rome in 1570, he admired Correggio and Parmigianino and seems to have had the temerity to criticize Michelangelo's "Last Judgment" in the Sistine Chapel.
It takes its origin from a painting by Francesco Parmigianino, a self-portrait that is indeed reflected in a convex mirror.
In the 16th Century masters, Parmigianino and Correggio, it can boast local artists whose work matches anything produced by painters in those more famous cities.
London is a veritable gold-mine for the artistically inclined and is currently playing host to major exhibitions of the work of Picasso, Turner, Blake, Dali and Oscar Wilde to name but a few, along with the photographs of Cecil Beaton, the drawings of Correggio and Parmigianino, and the wacky inventions of Heath Robinson.
Janson,(9) have emphasized how Mannerism bestows an abundant and complex psychological life on the human subject in the work of an entire generation of painters and sculptors, including Michelangelo, Parmigianino, Rosso Fiorentino and Giovanni di Bologna, Tintoretto and El Greco.
Other arts and letters are represented by the likes of Correggio, Dante, Parmigianino, Bellocchio, Cavani and Savonarola.
A polished eggplant, the reflective surface masterfully painted, sits in front of a postcard of the tondo portrait of a young man by Italian old-master painter, Parmigianino.
Among the many outstanding examples of works on paper to be found is a two-sided study of the Christ Child by Parmigianino, courtesy of New York-based dealer C.
Among those represented: Correggio, Giulio Romano, Parmigianino, Salvator Rosa, Poussin, Bernini, Canaletto, and Tiepolo, to name just a few.