Parnassós


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Parnassós

(pär'näsôs`) or

Parnassus

(pärnă`səs), mountain, c.8,060 ft (2,460 m) high, Phocis, central Greece. In ancient Greece it was sacred to ApolloApollo
, in Greek religion and mythology, one of the most important Olympian gods, concerned especially with prophecy, medicine, music and poetry, archery, and various bucolic arts, particularly the care of flocks and herds.
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, DionysusDionysus
, in Greek religion and mythology, god of fertility and wine. Legends concerning him are profuse and contradictory. However, he was one of the most important gods of the Greeks and was associated with various religious cults. He was probably in origin a Thracian deity.
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, and the MusesMuses,
in Greek religion and mythology, patron goddesses of the arts, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Originally only three, they were later considered as nine. Calliope was the Muse of epic poetry and eloquence; Euterpe, of music or of lyric poetry; Erato, of the poetry of
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. The fountain of CastaliaCastalia
, in Greek mythology, spring on Mt. Parnassós. Named for a nymph, it was sacred to the Muses and was said to give poetic inspiration to those who bathed in it.
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 was on its slopes; at the foot of the mountain lay DelphiDelphi
, locality in Phocis, Greece, near the foot of the south slope of Mt. Parnassós, c.6 mi (10 km) northeast of the port of Cirrha. It was the seat of the Delphic oracle, the most famous and most powerful of ancient Greece.
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. Corycian Cave, sacred to Pan, is located between Delphi and the summit. Bauxite is mined on the slopes.