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Parnassus,mountain, Greece: see ParnassósParnassós
, mountain, c.8,060 ft (2,460 m) high, Phocis, central Greece. In ancient Greece it was sacred to Apollo, Dionysus, and the Muses. The fountain of Castalia was on its slopes; at the foot of the mountain lay Delphi.
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(also Parnasos, Parnassos), a mountain in Greece, north of the Gulf of Corinth; maximum elevation, 2,457 m. It is composed chiefly of limestones and has a rocky summit. Below 1,000 m it is covered with Mediterranean shrub vegetation, and at higher elevations with conifer forests.
In ancient Greek mythology, Parnassus was the home of Apollo and the Muses. The city of Delphi, with its famous Temple of Apollo, was at the foot of the mountain. In Russian, “Parnassus” is figuratively applied to the brotherhood of poets, verses are the “flowers of Parnassus,” and the Muses are the “sisters of Parnassus.”