paronychia


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paronychia

[‚par·ə′nik·ē·ə]
(medicine)
A suppurative inflammation about the margin of a nail.
References in periodicals archive ?
albicans in our study were isolated from the chronic paronychia cases.
Doctors commonly prescribe antifungal agents for chronic paronychia, in the belief that yeast is the primary cause, but, in Dr.
* POPULATION STUDIED A total of 45 patients, 22 to 69 years of age, presenting to a dermatology clinic in Italy with chronic paronychia were enrolled.
This treatment was associated with 100% clearance of the paronychia. However, the study was not blinded, which was an important weakness, Dr.
Clinical manifestations vary and may mimic onychomycosis, chronic paronychia, chronic osteomyelitis, eczema, glomus tumor, subungual exostosis, verruca vulgaris, pyogenic granuloma, fibroma, keratoacanthoma, melanoma, or metastases.[4,11,12] With involvement of the nail matrix, the nail may become dystrophic and onycholysis may occur.
Other less frequent changes were Beau's lines (14%), splinter hemorrhages (12%) [Figure 4], longitudinal ridging (12%), paronychia (10%), longitudinal melanonychia (4%) [Figure 5], perilunular erythema/red lunule (5%) [Figure 6] and twenty nail dystrophy (3%).
Of 44 patients with chronic paronychia, 41 (93%) had a strong history of contact with irritants.
[3] Brook I: Bacteriologic study of paronychia in children.
Manicure with previously used and improperly disinfected tools can lead to infections like paronychia, dermatophytosis etc., as the same instruments might have been used on infected patients.
RESULTS: Pyodermas clinical types (7) incidence--Of the 100 cases studied Impetigo 30% was the most commonest clinical type followed by Folliculitis (22%), Furunculosis (10%), Ecthyma (6%), Infected scabies (5%), Sycosisbarbae (5%), Erythrasma (5%), Cellulitis (3%), Infectious Eczematous Dermatitis (3%), Paronychia (3%), Carbuncle (2%), Periportis (2%), Infected wound (2%), Job's syndrome (1%), Pitted keratolysis (1%).
(Table 5) Among the fungal infections, candidiasis was the most common with 65(43.33%) patients affected by it, of which oral candidiasis accounted for 50(33.33%) patients followed by genital(vulvovaginal and balanoposthitis)affecting 14 patients (9.33%) and 1 patient of candidal paronychia. (Table 6)
INTERTRIGO 4 1.6 ONYCOMYCOSIS 7 2.8 PITYRIASIS VERSICOLOR 5 2 VALVO VOGINAL CANDIDIASIS 6 2.4 PARONYCHIA 1 0.4 TOTAL 67 26.8 TABLE 5: BACTERIAL INFECTIONS BACTERIAL INFECTIONS NUMBER OF PERCENTAGE CASES FURUNCULOSIS 16 6.4 FOLLICULITIS 4 1.6 CARBUNCLE 4 1.6 CELLULITIS 3 1.2 ECTHYMA 1 0.4 ERYSERELES 1 0.4 ERYTHRASMA 2 0.8 ENL 1 0.4 LEPROSY 6 2.4 TOTAL 38 15.2 TABLE 6: DISTRIBUTION OF DATA BY GRAM STAIN GRAM STAIN NO.