parrotfish

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parrotfish,

common name for a member of a large group of colorful reef fishes of warm seas, resembling the wrasseswrasse
, common name for a member of the large family Labridae, brilliantly colored fishes found among rocks and kelp in tropical seas. Wrasses, related to the parrotfishes (which are included in the wrasse family by some authorities), feed on mollusks and are equipped with
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 but of a larger size. Long considered a separate family, Scaridae, they are now grouped as a subfamily, Scarinae, of Labridae (the wrasse family) by some authorities. Parrotfishes, also called pollyfishes, are so named for their powerful cutting-edged beaks, formed of fused incisorlike jaw teeth. With these they scrape from the surface of coral, algae, polyps, and other small plant and animal life upon which they feed. Parrotfishes also have a set of grinding teeth, located in the throat in front of the esophagus, with which they further break up their food to prepare it for the action of digestive enzymes. Common in Florida waters are the rainbow parrotfish, Scarus guacamaia, the largest (up to 3 ft/91 cm) of the family; the red and blue parrotfishes; and the queen parrotfish, or oldwife. Parrotfishes are not valued in the United States as food except in Hawaii, where they are very popular and were once taboo (to be touched only by royalty). Parrotfishes occasionally cause illness in humans, fatal to a small percentage of consumers. Known as ciguatera, it is caused by eating fish that have ciguatoxins, acquired as a result of feeding on dinoflagellates or on fish that have fed on them. Many reef fish species, especially larger fish, can cause such poisoning. Parrotfishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Scaridae or family Labridae.

parrotfish

1. any brightly coloured tropical marine percoid fish of the family Scaridae, having parrot-like jaws
2. Austral any of various brightly coloured marine fish of the family Labridae
3. any of various similar fishes
References in periodicals archive ?
The significant reduction in weight gain and FE of fish by AMP supplementation in this study indicated that it can effectively inhibit de novo choline synthesis in parrot fish.
So prodigious a grinder of coral is the bumphead that more than four tons of coral sediment land on the reef in a year from the excretions of a single parrot fish.
Richard Goldsmith, manager of Parrot Fish Music on King Cross Street, stood outside the store entrance Tuesday, staring at the murky water as it flowed down the street - straight into Christiansted Harbor.
The fresh fish counter has British haddock, Dover sole and plaice, to the more exotic and unusual parrot fish and pomfret--shoppers can also try it out at the oyster and seafood bar.
The Best of the Rest list has the three-word BLUE PARROT FISH.
1) 245 x 97 - 3,765 shrimp 2) 7,326 + 22 - 307 + 24 sea stars 3) 1,190 + 85 x 62 - 838 parrot fish 4) 100 x 100 - 1,000 lobsters 5) 53,664 + 86 - 356 + 599 - 866 barracuda
Just five protected miles off Key West, the reef was close enough to get to in a small boat, shallow enough for any snorkeler to enjoy, and teeming with colorful sea fans, coral canyons and a kaleidoscope of parrot fish, queen angels and sergeant-majors in crystal clear waters.
Luxuriant corals abound, as do parrot fish, wrasses, damsel fish, and others.
In the park's surrounding seas are the great clam, clown fish, angel fish, parrot fish, mudskippers which can climb trees and archer fish which spit water up a height of more than two meters to catch insects.
The younger parrot fish is orange in colour with white patterns.
Thousands of colourful fish of all shapes and sizes gently weave through this captivating underwater garden: amberjack, bream, red mullet and parrot fish are some of the many species that form Gozo's incredible marine life population.