Parrotia Persica

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Parrotia Persica


(Russian common name, ironwood), a deciduous tree of the family Hamamelidaceae. It attains a height of 14–25 m. Its trunk sometimes puts forth branches as far as the ground, and the branches often take root and fuse with each other as well as with the branches of neighboring trees, such as hornbeam, zelkova, and maple. The bark is gray, in places reddish brown, and peeling. The leaves are leathery and obovate or elliptical. The blossoms are without petals, and two to five blossoms are gathered in heads at the ends of shortened shoots. The calyx has five to seven lobes, and there are five to seven stamens and a half-inferior ovary. The fruit is a woody bivalvular pod, and blossoms appear prior to leafing. The tree may live as long as 200 years.

The species may be found in relict, broad-leaved forests in Azerbaijan (Talysh) as well as in northern Iran (the southern shore of the Caspian Sea), where it grows in lowlands and mountains (up to 700 m above sea level and sometimes higher), on the banks of rivers and streams, and in ravines with moist or, more rarely, dry, rocky soil. The wood is compact and heavy (with a density of 0.9–1.05 g per cu cm), splits easily, lacks resilience, and is very hard and durable (hence the name); it is rose-colored with a brown tint. The wood is used for making certain machine parts, works of art, and decorative veneer.

Ironwood is also the common name of other plants with hard wood, such as the Musaferrea in India, Ixoraferrea in the Antilles, Caesalpinia ferrea in Brazil, Stadmannia sideroxylon on Mauritius, Argania sideroxylon in Morocco, and several species of the genus Sideroxylon.


Safarov, I. “Ekologo-biologicheskaia kharakteristika zheleznogo dere va.”Tr. in-ta botaniki AN Azerbaidzhanskoi SSR, 1952, vol. 16.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR vol. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.


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2010) reported the lowest plasticity value for the number of vein pairs and base angle in Parrotia persica along an elevational gradient.
Parrotia persica - the Iron Wood - a relative of the Witch Hazels (Hamamelis) with a dense, spreading, almost weeping habit, originally from Northern Iran and able to reach 8 metres (25ft) high by 10 metres (30ft) wide.
The yellows, reds, oranges and bronze colouring on plants like acer, parrotia, and fothergilla are so bright and vivid they would stand up against the most vibrant of flowers.
TREES: Chinese pistache, crape myrtle, Eastern redbud, floss silk tree (flowers), flowering dogwood, ginkgo, Japanese maple, liquidambar, ornamental pear, Persian parrotia, persimmon, scarlet oak, sour gum.
Parrotia persica 'Vanessa' This develops a more upright habit than most of the species and is slimmer than the common Parrotia.
Wood block (5*1*2 cm dimensions )of Parrotia persica, Juglans regia , Quercus persica and Buxus sempervirens dried at 100[degrees]C for 48 h, cooled in a desiccator, and then weighed.
If I was asked to choose three species from among the larger trees renowned for their tints, at the top of my list would be the Persian ironwood tree, parrotia persica.
Farther on, the reserve's small lake picks up reflections from golden English elms, a yellow-red Persian parrotia, American fothergillas, more Japanese maples, and a European white birch or two.
We have many different, spectacular autumn colours - from the butter yellow of Acer cappadocicum with its glossy palmate leaves, through the orange red of Cercidiphyllums and Norway maple to the reds of the Red oak and Parrotia persica (Ironwood) and the deep purple hues of some of the Spindle bushes (Euonymus sp).
Leaf colour is still provided by Parrotia, pines, cypresses, spruces, quercus canariensis and quercus Dentata.
Shop for fall color: look for fothergilla, Parrotia persica, and a variety of maples.