(redirected from Pars interarticularis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Pars interarticularis: Ligamentum flavum, spondylolisthesis


Fars (färs) or Farsistan (färsĭstänˈ), province, c.51,500 sq mi (133,400 sq km), SW Iran. Shiraz is the capital and chief city, located in an oasis occupying a valley c.6 mi (10 km) wide and 20 mi (32 km) long. The province is largely mountainous. Grain, cotton, tobacco, opium, fruit, and wine are produced along the coastal Persian Gulf area. Livestock is raised. Oil and natural gas reserves have stimulated the local economy. Industries include food processing and the manufacture of chemicals, fertilizers, and textiles. The population is mostly organized by tribe; the leading tribes are the Qashqai and the Khamseh. One of the most historic regions of Iran, Fars is more or less identical with the ancient province of Pars, which was the nucleus of the Persian Empire. The ruins of Pasargadae and Persepolis, early Persian capitals, are in Fars. The Arabs changed the name Pars to Fars after they conquered the region in the 7th cent.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
Defects in the pars interarticularis in the pediatric and adolescent population is a relatively common occurrence but is poorly described in the literature.
A lumbar vertebra associated with Individual 3 exhibited nonunion of the right pars interarticularis (Fig.
Spondylolysis is known to be a part of a disease process, which describes a defect or stress fracture in the pars interarticularis of the vertebra (1).
[2,7] Another opinion is that the coronal positioning of pars interarticularis, which has a strong link to sacral and lumbar articular processes, may cause stress with micromotions and, thus, facilitates the development of spondylolysis.
A final tubular retractor was docked on the pars interarticularis of interest, with the medial border of the retractor resting against the base of the spinous process and the caudal border just below the caudal edge of the lamina of interest.
[11] The reason for this is the inherent, high-load biomechanical nature of the bowling action[9,12] which may place undue stress on the pars interarticularis during the delivery stride due to large contralateral lumbar side-flexion motion coupled with large ground reaction forces.
In the studies carried on the pathomechanism of spondylolytic spondylolisthesis [18], a thin pars model was created by removing half of the elements on one surface of the pars to see the effects of a thin pars interarticularis on lysis and olistheis.
Histomorphic analysis of the development of the pars interarticularis and its association with isthmic spondylolysis.
Essentially, a spondylolysis is a defect in the pars interarticularis, an area of the vertebrae that connects the vertebral facets, or joints that adjoin vertebrae together.
In their approach, unilateral resection of the pars interarticularis is performed.
Based on the patient's progressive pain pattern and lack of recovery after 2 weeks rest, a pars interarticularis stress fracture was suspected clinically.
(25) Some authors reserve the term hangman's fracture for those involving the pars interarticularis, referred to more precisely as traumatic spondylolisthesis.

Full browser ?