Parsi


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Parsi

 

(Parsee), a member of one of the religious communities of India. Parsis number more than 100,000 (1973). They live chiefly in Bombay and are descendants of the Zoroastrians who fled Iran during the seventh to tenth centuries, after the conquest of Iran by the Arabs, and who settled primarily in Gujarat. Their religion is Zoroastrianism. The Parsis worship fire in their temples. They do not bury their dead but allow them to be torn to pieces by vultures in “towers of silence,” in order not to defile the elements sacred to them: fire, water, air, and earth.

Material prosperity is considered the reward of religious virtue, and therefore the majority of Parsis have long occupied themselves with moneylending, trade, banking, and entrepreneurial activity. The Tatas, a family of the largest monopolists in India, are Parsis. The Parsis speak Gujarati, while their canonical literature is written in Avestan and Pahlavi. The Parsi community is predominantly endogamous, although the young people have begun to deviate from the ancient marriage regulations. The priests exert a great influence not only upon the religious but also upon the secular life of the Parsis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hammad Hamid, Happy Home School; 2 Umna Saad, Jaffer Public School; 3 Aish Salahuddin, BVS Parsi School
She, however, continued to practice as a Parsi and has challenged the High Court verdict on the grounds that the Special Marriage Act does not require either husband or wife to renounce their religion.
Still, there is death penalty for being gay," Parsi, 35, tells the Toronto Star in an interview.
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So I got Saam Bharucha and I wanted him to be a Parsi.
Under the scheme, the Indian Government and the Parzor Foundation took up the Bombay Parsi Panchyat Fertility Project that was launched in January 2004 to help the community members with medical treatments and have more children and return from the brink.
Trita Parsi, president of the National Iranian American Council, told Palmer that a long-term deal is unlikely.
Parsi merchants gained status and pushed for British education and English-language instruction, which led the British to identify the Parsis as the most progressive group in India.
Trita Parsi in his book "A Single Roll of the Dice: Obama's Diplomacy with Iran" has claimed that within less than a month of the fall of Baghdad, Tehran made a lucrative offer to the US through the Swiss ambassador in Tehran, which represents the interests of the United States, as the US has no embassy in Iran.
The film revolves around Parsi community, with 40-year-old couple's love life as the main focus.
In India, in contrast, Parsi theater created a new kind of theatrical culture as it deconstructed the notion of theater which had hitherto been an affair of the rich and the educated by taking it away from the elite circuit and transforming it into an entertainment for the masses.
She considers Bombay and murmurs of reform, the Protestant challenge to Zoroastrianism, the Parsi response, Western religious studies scholarship, Parsi religious reform in the second generation, the Parsi rediscovery of ancient Iran, Iranian nationalism and the Zoroastrian past, and Kay Khosrow Shahrokh.