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(pär`sĭfäl), figure of Arthurian legendArthurian legend,
the mass of legend, popular in medieval lore, concerning King Arthur of Britain and his knights. Medieval Sources

The battle of Mt. Badon—in which, according to the Annales Cambriae (c.
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 also known as Sir Percivale, who is in turn a later form of a hero of Celtic myth. The name originally occurs as Pryderi, an alternative name of Gwry in Pwyll Prince of Dyved, a tale in the MabinogionMabinogion
, title given to a collection of medieval Welsh stories. Scholars differ as to the meaning of the word mabinogion: some think it to be the plural of the Welsh word mabinogi, which means "youthful career"; others think it derives from the Welsh word
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. Gwry is the original of Gawain, and in the later Percivale stories Gawain appears, often fulfilling the same role as the hero. The great feature of the Percivale cycle is the Holy GrailGrail, Holy,
a feature of medieval legend and literature. It appears variously as a chalice, a cup, or a dish and sometimes as a stone or a caldron into which a bleeding lance drips. It was identified by Christians as the chalice of the Last Supper brought to England by St.
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, and Welsh sources connect this sacred talisman with Percivale, who finds the Grail. Chrétien de TroyesChrétien de Troyes
or Chrestien de Troyes
, fl. 1170, French poet, author of the first great literary treatments of the Arthurian legend. His narrative romances, composed c.1170–c.
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 is the author of the first great artistic treatment of the theme; in Chrétien's unfinished poem Percivale finds the Grail at the Fisher King's castle and heals the king. The Parzival of Wolfram von EschenbachWolfram von Eschenbach
, c.1170–c.1220, German poet. Perhaps the greatest of the German minnesingers, and one of the finest poets of medieval Europe. He was a knight who led a restless, roving life. In 1203 he was at the court of Landgrave Hermann von Thüringen.
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 is one of the greatest medieval poems. Drawn largely from Chrétien, von Eschenbach's story is highly spiritualized and appears essentially in the form used by Richard Wagner in his music drama Parsifal. In the Morte d'Arthur of Sir Thomas MaloryMalory, Sir Thomas
, d. 1471, English author of Morte d'Arthur. It is almost certain that he was Sir Thomas Malory of Newbold Revell, Warwickshire. Knighted in 1442, he served in the parliament of 1445.
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, Percivale is admitted to the Grail with Galahad and Bors.


See R. S. Loomis, Arthurian Tradition & Chrétien de Troyes (1949) and Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages (1959); R. Cavendish, King Arthur and the Grail (1985).


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Parsifal, asteroid 2,095 (the 2,095th asteroid to be discovered, on September 24, 1960), is approximately 10 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 4.3 years. Parsifal was named after the hero of Chrétien de Troyes’s novel Perceval. J. Lee Lehman associates this asteroid with the quest for knighthood, as well as with compassion. Jacob Schwartz gives Parsifal’s significance as “compassion learned through suffering; those avoiding the learning inflict suffering on others.”


Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids: Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Ellis Horwood Limited, 1988.
Lehman, J. Lee. The Ultimate Asteroid Book. West Chester, PA: Whitford Press, 1988.
Schwartz, Jacob. Asteroid Name Encyclopedia. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1995.


deliverer of Amfortas and the Grail knights. [Ger. Opera: Wagner, Parsifal, Westerman, 250]
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Laufenberg's Parsifal is set in modern-day Iraq, with refugees on the move and a title character seen in military fatigues in one act and anonymous terrorist black in another.
Muscat audiences can expect the very best with Maestro Weikert's interpretation of Lohengrin, as Weikert is well-experienced in the works of Wagner, having served from 2004 to 2015 as Music Director of the Wagner Festival, where he conducted Lohengrin, Parsifal, Tristan and Isolde, The Flying Dutchman, and Tannhauser.
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Of special note is 'From Parsifal to the PlayStation Wagner and Video' by Tim Summers.
Much turns on our interpretation of the conceptual ambiguity of the ending of the Ring, and on whether or not we understand Parsifal as the more mature clarification of those last measures of pure music, where Wagner felt we could soar beyond words and concepts in pure Art.
35pm (Fri-Mon/Thu), 9pm Royal Opera Live: Parsifal (): Wed 4.
Y entre estos eventos especialmente significativos para el publico operomano, y en especial para el wagneriano, nos ha llamado la atencion una no menos singular puesta de su gran testamento gotico por excelencia Parsifal (a partir del poema epico medieval Parzival de Wolfram von Eschenbach, en derredor de este caballero de la corte del Rey Arturo y su busqueda del Santo Grial, se decanto en la mente del compositor por mas de veinte anos), nada mas y nada menos que en el hermoso y ya emblematico Teatro Amazonas de Manaos, en el corazon mismo de la selva, en Brasil.
This concert opened the WNO's "Wagner Dream Season" and in the first half offered us easily digestible extracts from Gotterdammerung, the composer's brooding mythological tragedy of love, power and vengeance, and music from the spacious other-worldly drama of the holy grail, Parsifal.
Parsifal The March highlights include a live HD screening of a performance of , starring Jonas Kaufmann in the title role, which kick-started events yesterday.
Reviewing together these two DVD releases of Wagner's operas biliengrin and Parsifal provides an opportunity to consider both the range of approaches to producing Wagner on European stages and the variety of approaches to filming opera in the early 1990s.