Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council | Article about Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council by The Free Dictionary
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council
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Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) An independent UK national organization funded by the government for the direction, co-ordination and financial support of British research into astronomy, particle physics, particle astrophysics and Solar System science. It was established by Royal Charter in 1994 and is one of seven UK research councils supporting advanced studies in various fields of learning. Its work is currently financed through an annual budget received from the Office of Science and Technology, a section of the Department of Trade and Industry. PPARC provides research grants and studentships to scientists in British universities, gives researchers access to world-class facilities and funds the UK membership of international organizations such as the European Particle Physics Laboratory, CERN, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). It also makes financial contributions to the UK telescopes in La Palma, Hawaii, Australia and Chile, the UK Astronomy Technology Centre at the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh (ROE), and the MERLIN/VLBI National Facility based at Jodrell Bank (see also MERLIN). PPARC is based in Swindon, UK, and has three scientific sites: the UK Astronomy Technology Centre at the ROE in Edinburgh, the Isaac Newton Group of telescopes in La Palma, and the Joint Astronomy Centre in Hawaii. Among many other official tasks, PPARC advises the government on the appointment of the Astronomer Royal and the Astronomer Royal for Scotland.