particle

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particle

1. Physics a body with finite mass that can be treated as having negligible size, and internal structure
3. RC Church a small piece broken off from the Host at Mass

particle

See elementary particles.

Particle

 

a member of a lexical-grammatical class of words that express the attitude of the speaker toward an utterance and that may be used to produce certain grammatical forms. An auxiliary part of speech, the particle is not a sentence part.

Particles exist in many languages, and the Slavic languages have a rather extensive system. In Russian, particles are divided into several semantic-functional types. Syntactic particles are used in the formation of the subjunctive, imperative, and optative moods (by, pust’, da, davai, davaite). Negative particles include tie and ni. Subjective modal particles modify the sense of other words or entire sentences; they include intensive particles (ved’, dazhe, -to, zhe), emphatic particles (toi’ko, lish’), interrogative particles (razve, neuzheli, li), and exclamatory particles (kak, chto zd). Particles are also used as affixes in the formation of pronouns and adverbs (koe-, -libo, -nibud’, -to).

REFERENCES

Grammatika sovremennogo russkogo literaturnogo iazyka. Moscow, 1970.
Vinogradov, V. V. Russkii iazyk, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1972.

V. A. VINOGRADOV

particle

[′pärd·ə·kəl]
(mechanics)
(particle physics)
(physics)
Any very small part of matter, such as a molecule, atom, or electron. Also known as fundamental particle.
Any relatively small subdivision of matter, ranging in diameter from a few angstroms (as with gas molecules) to a few millimeters (as with large raindrops).
References in classic literature ?
Heat is but the motion of atoms, a simple oscillation of the particles of a body.
Not that there is a particle of virtue in our not having it; but custom with us does what Christianity ought to do,--obliterates the feeling of personal prejudice.
Clare ever would go to church," said Marie; "but he hasn't a particle of religion about him.
He noted the extreme care which the woman took that none of the matter should touch her hands, and once when a particle spattered upon one of her fingers he saw her plunge the member into a vessel of water and quickly rub the tiny stain away with a handful of leaves.
Of course I was vexed at all this; but still it was less the disappointment to myself that annoyed me, than the disappointment in him, and the trouble I was at to frame excuses to my friends for having seen and observed so little, without imputing one particle of blame to my companion.
Grieve, therefore, no more, my dear child, on this occasion: an event which may happen every hour; which every element, nay, almost every particle of matter that surrounds us is capable of producing, and which must and will most unavoidably reach us all at last, ought neither to occasion our surprize nor our lamentation.
The next day sat Zarathustra again on the stone in front of his cave, whilst his animals roved about in the world outside to bring home new food,--also new honey: for Zarathustra had spent and wasted the old honey to the very last particle.
Leave here, if you will, in safety, and mind your own affairs; but if you show one particle of curiosity as to mine, if you interfere in matters which concern me and me only, remember that you are encircled by powers which are entirely ruthless, absolutely omnipotent.
A physical law does not say "A will be followed by B," but tells us what acceleration a particle will have under given circumstances, i.
Just as the particle of water in frost, definitely and unalterably, takes the special form of the crystal of snow, so each new person that arrived at the springs was at once placed in his special place.
has obtained a patent for a coated conductive powder obtained by coating the surfaces of conductive particles with insulating inorganic fine particles, wherein the volume resistivity value of the coated conductive powder is 1 [ohm]-cm or less, the specific gravity of the insulating inorganic fine particles is 5.
Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, has patented a composite powder that is comprised of a flaky substrate powder, seed particles selected from the group consisting of titanium oxide, zinc oxide, alumina, aluminum hydroxide, silica, iron oxide; and barium sulfate particles or zinc oxide particles.