How can increases in roadside pollution be dismissed as within "safe limits" when the World Health Organisation only this year declared "small particulate pollution
has health impacts even at very low concentrations - no threshold has been identified at which no damage to health is observed"?
The Philadelphia Energy Solutions refinery is the largest single source of particulate pollution
in the Philadelphia area even when there isn't an emergency.
Greater Manchester has made a commitment to meet the World Health Organisation's guidelines for fine particulate pollution
levels by 2030.
However, there are signs that actions taken by governments are working, including reducing forms of some particulate pollution
in the developed world.
There are signs that actions taken by governments are working, including reducing forms of some particulate pollution
in the developed world, while China's levels of air pollution are also starting to fall.
Diesel road vehicles are one of the biggest producers of particulate pollution
in developed countries such as the UK.
Recent studies have showed that coal stockpiles emit fine particulate pollution
in several ways.
A spokesperson for North Lanarkshire Council said: "There has been an improvement in the overall air quality at our four air quality management areas, including Chapelhall, with nitrogen dioxide and particulate pollution
at a level that complies with national objectives.
The Air Quality Life Index, released in November by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago, is designed to measure the impact of particulate pollution
on life expectancy.
"About 30 per cent of particulate pollution
in winter is caused by vehicles.
Taiwan could increase its average life expectancy by 0.5 years if it adhered to the WHO standard particulate pollution
level of 10.