Great Tit

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Great Tit

 

(Parus major), a bird of the family Paridae and the order Passeriformes. The body averages 15 cm in length and weighs 20 g. The coloring is a combination of black, green, white, light blue, and yellow. It is distributed in Europe, Asia (excluding the north), and northwestern Africa.

The great tit is both migratory and nonmigratory. It lives in deciduous and mixed forests, parks, shrubs, river thickets, and, in the desert, in saxaul. The nest is usually built in the hollows of trees. The birds nest from the end of March to the beginning of April. Each clutch contains nine to 13 eggs. The female sits on the nest for 13 days, and there are two clutches a year. The main food is insects. During the period of feeding the nestlings, a pair of adults brings in up to 1,000 insects a day. The birds are very useful and should be protected and attracted.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 5. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1954.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

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2002: Strategy and constraint in the winter fattening response to temperature in the great tit Parus major. J.
Shy and bold great tits (Parus major)-, body temperature and breath rate in response to handling stress.
Einfluss der Brutraumflache auf die Gelegegro\s se der Kohlmeise (Parus major).--J.
(7.) Palade E.A, Biro N, Dobos-Kovacs M, Demeter Z, Mandoki M, Rusvai M: Poxvirus infection in Hungarian great tits (Parus major): case reportActa.
Sofianites have picked the Great Tit (Parus major) as a symbol of the capital.
Latin name: Parus major Family: Tits (Paridae) Overview: The largest UK tit - green and yellow with a striking glossy black head with white cheeks and a distinctive two-syllable song.
TINY VISITOR: A great tit Parus Major taking it easy; FEEDING TIME: Blue tits helping themselves at bird feeders, left and right, while a blackbird is content with some wriggly food, above left
In contrast, great tit (Parus major) nestlings in smaller broods were fed heavier prey items than were nestlings in larger broods (Royama, 1966).
Key words: blow flies; Ceratophyllus gallinae: ecosystem engineering; ectoparasite; flea parasitism; Great Tit (Parus major); hen flea; nest cavity; nest humidity; Parus major; Protocalliphora.
Although Boyce and Perrins (1987) initially suggested that high variance in the success of large Great Tit (Parus major) broods favored smaller clutches, Liou et al.'s (1993) reanalysis of their data showed that the putative advantage of following a bet-hedging strategy was a statistical artifact of the small sample of large broods.
This contrasts to recently reported findings in a population of great tits Parus major in which immigrant females produced fewer lifetime recruits than philopatric females (Verhulst and van Eck 1996).
(27) In the passerine bird Parus major, placement into a cotton bag after handling resulted in a decrease in RR after a 5-minute period, but a concurrent drop in body temperature was also observed.