Pas-de-Calais


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Pas-de-Calais

(pä-də-kälā`), department (1990 pop. 1,435,000), N France, on the Strait of Dover. ArrasArras
, city (1990 pop. 42,715), capital of Pas-de-Calais dept., and historic capital of Artois, N France, on the canalized Scarpe River. It is a communications, farm, and industrial center, with oil works and factories making machinery, metal products, and esparto goods.
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 is the capital.

Pas-de-Calais:

see Dover, Strait ofDover, Strait of,
separating Great Britain from France and connecting the English Channel with the North Sea. It is 21 mi (34 km) wide between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez, near Calais, and is called Pas-de-Calais by the French.
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.

Pas-de-Calais

 

a department in northern France situated on the Strait of Dover (Pas de Calais). Area, 6,800 sq km. Population, 1,425,000 (1973). The capital is Arras.

Most of the territory of Pas-de-Calais consists of the Flanders lowland and the Artois hills, which rise to an elevation of 209 m. The department is part of the northern industrial region. As of 1968, 27 percent of the working population was employed in industry and 13 percent in agriculture and fishing. Coal is mined (13 million tons in 1968) in the vicinities of Bruay, Lens, and Liévin. There is a ferrous-metallurgy industry, with plants in Lens, Isbergues, and Outreau, a chemical industry in Mazingarbe and Drocourt, and a textile industry in Calais and Arras. The department also has food-processing, paper, and cement industries, in addition to a thermoelectric power plant.

There is extensive cultivation of wheat, sugar beets, vegetables, and potatoes; swine and Flemish dairy cattle are raised. Boulogne-sur-Mer is France’s chief fishing port, and Calais is an important embarkation point for Great Britain.

Pas-de-Calais

a department of N France, in Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, on the Straits of Dover (the Pas de Calais): the part of France closest to the British Isles. Capital: Arras. Pop.: 1 451 307 (2003 est.). Area: 6752 sq. km (2633 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, coal firm policies that physically and socially isolated foreigners and that reinforced immigrant ties to Polish cultural habits, Polish authorities, and the Polish Church aroused the suspicion and resentment of Pas-de-Calais officialdom.
Wary and seeking to combat perceived threats to national security and unity, Pas-de-Calais authorities aggressively policed the Polish community.
Pas-de-Calais authorities, troubled by the isolation of Poles from the larger French society, denounced the Polish state and Church as the chief forces retarding the Poles' assimilation.
To break up Polish enclaves and to limit the influence of Polish authorities and clergy, Pas-de-Calais officialdom demanded more tools and expanded powers.
National legislators, like their subordinates in the Pas-de-Calais, overlooked the crucial part coal firms played in shaping the Polish community in the coalfields.
Further, they fueled animosity toward Poles within Pas-de-Calais officialdom.
3) The government's chief mining engineer in the heavily damaged eastern Pas-de-Calais basin reported that companies there did not expect to attain prewar levels in mining until the later 1920s--and then only if labor remained abundant.
l'Ingenieur en chef des Mines sur la Situation de l'Industrie minerale dans l'Arrondissement mineralogique d'Arras pendant l'annee 1924," in Departement du Pas-de-Calais Conseil General deuxieme Session ordinaire de 1925: Rapports des Chefs de service et Renseignements divers, troisieme partie (Arras, 1925), 117-18.
L'Ingenieur en Chef des Mines sur la Situation de l'Industrie minerale dans l'Arrondissement mineralogique d'Arras pendant l'Annee 1922," in Departement du Pas-de-Calais Conseil General, deuxieme session de 1923, Troisieme Partie Rapports des Chefs de Service et Rensiegnements divers (Arras, 1923), 319.
Archives departementales of Pas-de-Calais [hereafter, ADPdC] M3231, 19 December 1924, Prefect to Direction de la Surete Generale, Paris.
29) ADPC M6857, 11 October 1926, Prefect Pas-de-Calais.
32) When such Polish notables toured the Pas-de-Calais coal basin, they did so shadowed by official French observers.