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Pas-de-Calais(pä-də-kälā`), department (1990 pop. 1,435,000), N France, on the Strait of Dover. ArrasArras
, city (1990 pop. 42,715), capital of Pas-de-Calais dept., and historic capital of Artois, N France, on the canalized Scarpe River. It is a communications, farm, and industrial center, with oil works and factories making machinery, metal products, and esparto goods.
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Pas-de-Calais:see Dover, Strait ofDover, Strait of,
separating Great Britain from France and connecting the English Channel with the North Sea. It is 21 mi (34 km) wide between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez, near Calais, and is called Pas-de-Calais by the French.
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a department in northern France situated on the Strait of Dover (Pas de Calais). Area, 6,800 sq km. Population, 1,425,000 (1973). The capital is Arras.
Most of the territory of Pas-de-Calais consists of the Flanders lowland and the Artois hills, which rise to an elevation of 209 m. The department is part of the northern industrial region. As of 1968, 27 percent of the working population was employed in industry and 13 percent in agriculture and fishing. Coal is mined (13 million tons in 1968) in the vicinities of Bruay, Lens, and Liévin. There is a ferrous-metallurgy industry, with plants in Lens, Isbergues, and Outreau, a chemical industry in Mazingarbe and Drocourt, and a textile industry in Calais and Arras. The department also has food-processing, paper, and cement industries, in addition to a thermoelectric power plant.
There is extensive cultivation of wheat, sugar beets, vegetables, and potatoes; swine and Flemish dairy cattle are raised. Boulogne-sur-Mer is France’s chief fishing port, and Calais is an important embarkation point for Great Britain.