Pasargadae


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Pasargadae: Persepolis, Cambyses II

Pasargadae

(pəsär`gədē), capital of ancient Persia under Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great
, d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids and of the Persian Empire. According to Herodotus, he was the son of an Iranian noble, the elder Cambyses, and a Median princess, daughter of Astyages.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Its ruins lie 54 mi (87 km) by road NE of PersepolisPersepolis
[Gr.,=city of Persia], ancient city of Persia, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire under Darius I and his successors. The administrative capitals were elsewhere, notably at Susa and Babylon.
..... Click the link for more information.
, in present Iran. The buildings of Cyrus include a temple in the form of a tower; the remains of his palace; and his tomb, a structure of white stone 18 ft (5.5 m) high, on a massive base. According to Greek historians, Alexander the Great found Cyrus' tomb already rifled, and he sealed its entrance. The tomb has long since been reopened. The name also appears as Parsagarda.

Pasargadae

 

a city in ancient Iran, built on a high terrace 80 km from Persepolis. Founded in the 550’s B.C., Pasargadae was the early capital of the Achaemenids. It is now in ruins.

Among the structures that have been preserved are the tomb of Cyrus (II) the Great and some altars, as well as the remains of a tower (a fire temple), a citadel, and a palace of Cyrus the Great.

REFERENCE

Sami, A. Pasargadae, the Oldest Imperial Capital of Iran. Shiraz, 1956.

Pasargadae

an ancient city in Persia, northeast of Persepolis in present-day Iran: built by Cyrus the Great
References in periodicals archive ?
Pasargadae is also included in the prestigious list as a testimony to the first capital of a true global empire.
Pasargadae is situated on a plain northeast of Persepolis.
By the selection of Ecbatana as the political center architecture of constructing palaces started by Medes in Iran that the evolved form of it were built during the Achaemenid era specially in Pasargadae, Susa, and Persepolis.
The royal garden at Pasargadae: evolution and legacy, in L.
Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Armenian monastic ensembles of Iran, Bam and its cultural landscape, Bisotoun, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Sheikh Safi al-din shrine, Shoushtar historical hydraulic system, Soltaniyeh, Tabriz historic bazr complex, Takht-e Soleiman, Tchogha Zanbil and the Persian garden are among the Iranian historical heritage inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List.
(1970): Ionians in Pasargadae. Studies in Old Persian Architecture.
His modern mausoleum built in 1934 and 1969 is a marble pyramid designed after the tomb of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae (in southern Iran).
A most intriguing and informative chapter on the archaeological evidence of such ancient cultures as Assyria, Babylonia and the Persian cities of Pasargadae, Shushan, Persepolis and Hamadan sheds light on the decadence of the era and the societal influences that held sway amongst the respective populations.
While regretting the lack of protection for this unique ancient edifice, Sarafraz said that Charkhab Palace is as important as Persepolis and Pasargadae palaces in terms of its compliance with architectural regulations.
Similarly, the final section of the book supposes that the earliest walled gardens, or paradeisos, that were built at Pasargadae and other Achaemenid and Sassanian palaces, provided the source for the four-part gardens later developed as the major type for the Islamic and later Mughal gardens.
The work contains distracting grammatical mistakes throughout its pages, and factual errors (such as Alexander the Great conquering the ancient Persian capital of Pasargadae seventy years before he was even born), which are simply unacceptable.