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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the Jewish holiday of Passover and the Christian holiday of Easter.

In antiquity, nomadic Semitic tribes celebrated Pasch in connection with the spring calving. After the tribes made the transition to a settled way of life and to agriculture in the 13th and 12th centuries B.C., Pasch became an agrarian holiday marking the start of the harvest. The custom developed of preparing unleavened, flat cakes (matzoth) from the first harvested grain. As the cult of Jahweh grew, Pasch came to be celebrated in memory of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. Later, Pasch was linked with the awaiting of the messiah. In Christianity, the celebration of Pasch took on new meaning and was linked with myths about the redeeming power of the sufferings of Christ and about his death and resurrection.

Originally, the Jewish and Christian Pasches coincided. However, in A.D. 325 an ecumenical council of the Christian church adopted a resolution that Easter be celebrated on the first Sunday one week after the Jewish Passover. This may be any date in the period from April 4 to May 8. Like other religious holidays, the celebration of Pasch is a means of exerting religious influence on the masses and strengthening religious ideology.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 'PASCH' iniative, which stands for 'Schools: Partners for the Future' in German is organized and endorsed by the government of Germany to promote high quality German language education.
Pasch knows of a home in Ogden Valley that sold for $670,000 last year that's listed at $398,000 today as a foreclosure and still isn't selling.
A study by Steffy, Wolfe, Pasch and Enz (2000) produced evidence that there were serious academic consequences for not providing novice teachers with the support needed to help them become experienced teachers.
Dave Pasch, Debbie Antonelli and Heather Cox will call the HC-Duke women's opening-round NCAA tournament game at 7 p.m.
Blandford got virtually all of his best stock, including his four Derby winners, while based at Cloghran, the 2,000 Guineas and Eclipse victor Pasch (foaled just over three weeks before his sire died) being the only real celebrity he got in Britain.
"The rate of abuse in Christian homes is exactly the same as in the general population," says Catherine Clark Kroeger, co-founder of Peace and Safety in the Christian Home (PASCH).
Gender differences in responding to, and coping with, infertility have been consistently identified in the literature, with women reporting more overt distress in response to their inability to produce a child (Abbey, Andrews, & Halman, 1991; Conway, 2002; Daniluk, 1997; Domar, 1997; Jordon & Revenson, 1999; Pasch, Dunkel-Schetter, & Christensen, 2002).